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COMMODORE 



aatrntwitalsawlJ I l^ii W i^llM i Wi lli! li/l M 






PERSONAL COMPUTER 



GEOS 

deskTop 1.5 



User's Manual 



TM 



TM 



Developed by Berkeley Softworks 



GEOS deskTop 1.5 
User's Manual 



2150 Shattuck Avenue 
Berkeley, CA 94704 



Important: Read This Notice Before 
Using This Software 



BY READING TfflS NOTICE AND USING THE ENCLOSED 
SOFTWARE, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY ALL THE TERMS 
AND CONDITIONS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT. IF YOU DO 
NOT ACCEPT OR AGREE TO THESE TERMS, YOU MAY, 
WITHIN FIFTEEN (15) DAYS, RETURN THIS ENTIRE PACKAGE, 
TOGETHER WITH PROOF OF PURCHASE, TO THE PERSON 
FROM WHOM YOU ACQUIRED IT OR TO BERKELEY SOFT- 
WORKS, INC. FOR A FULL REFUND. 

Software License Agreement 

BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. grants you a non-exclusive license to 
use this copy of the program and accompanying materials according to the 
following terms: 

License 

You may: 

a. use the program on only one computer at a time; 

b. make copies of the program in machine-readable form solely as 
necessary for your personal use, provided that you reproduce all 
proprietary notices on the copy; and 

c. transfer this license to another, together with all documentation and 
copies of the software, but only if: (i) the transferee agrees in writing to 
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SOFTWORKS, INC. Software License Agreement and agree to be 
bound by the terms thereof." 

You may not: 

a. use the program in a network or a multi-user system; 



b. modify, translate, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, create 
derivative works based on, make copies of the documentation, or copy 
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panying materials; 

c. rent, transfiQ' or grant any rights in the program or accompanying 
materials in any form to any person, except as specifically permitted in 
this agreement, without the prior written consent of BERKELEY 
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to the terms and conditions of this license, or 

d. remove any proprietary notices, labels, or marks on the program and 
accompanying materials. 

TTiis license is not a sale. Title and copyrights to the program, accompany- 
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WORKS, INC. 

Termination 

Unauthorized copying of the program (alone or merged with other software) 
or the accompanying materials, or Mure to comply with the above restric- 
tions, will result in automatic termination of this license and will make 
available to BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. other legal remedies. Upon 
termination, you will destroy or return to BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, 
INC. the program, accompanying materials, and any copies. 

Limited Warranty and Disclaimer 

BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. has no control ovct your use of the 
software, nor can BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC., anticipate every 
potential or possible use. Therefore, BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. 
does not and cannot warrant the performance or result that may be obtained 
by its use, nor do we warrant that the operation of the program will be 
uninterrupted or error-free. Therefore, BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. 
provides a limited warranty to you as follows: 

BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. warrants that the software will perform 
substantially in accordance with the specifications set forth in the documen- 
tation provided with the software and that the diskettes on which the 
program is furnished are free from defects in materials and workmanship 
under normal use for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of delivery 
to you, as evidenced by a copy of your receipt 



BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC.'s entire liabUity and your exclusive 
remedy as to software performance and the diskettes (which is subject to 
your returning the diskettes to BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. or an 
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tion of this agreement. THE DURATION OF ANY IMPLIED WARRAN- 
TIES ON THE DISKETTES, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRAN- 
TIES OF MERCHANTABILnY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR 
PURPOSE, IS LIMITED TO THE SAME NINETY (90) DAY PERIOD 
AS THE FOREGOING EXPRESS WARRANTY. 

THE PROGRAM AND ACCOMPANYING MATERIALS ARE PRO- 
VIDED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS 
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TO) THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND 
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WARRANTIES SO THE ABOVE EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO 
YOU. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS. 
YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM 
STATE TO STATE. 

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IN NO EVENT WILL BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. BE LIABLE 
FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOSS OF DATA, LOST PROFITS, 
COST OF COVER OR OTHER SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSE- 
QUENTIAL OR INDIRECT DAMAGES ARISING FROM THE USE OF 
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FEE REFLECTS THIS ALLOCATION OF RISK. SOME STATES DO 
NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF LL^BILITY 
FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE 
ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. 



General 

This Agreement will be governed by the laws of the State of California. 

This Agreement is the entire agreement between us and supersedes any 
other communications with respect to the program and accompanying 
materials. 

If any provision of this Agreement is held unenforceable, the remainder of 
this Agreement shall continue in full force and effect. 

If you have any questions, please contact us, in writing, at the following 
address: 

BERKELEY SOFTWORKS, INC. 
Customer Service 
2150 Shattuck Avenue 
Berkeley, CA 94704 

If you wish to return defective disks for replacement under this warranty, 
send the defective disks and a copy of your purchase receipt to the address 
above. 

Sign and Mail the Registration Card Today 

Return of the Registration Card is required to receive notices of new 
vo^ions or enhancements. 



Copyright Information 

GEOS 1.5 deskTop software design by Brian Dougherty, Doug Fults, Dave 

Durran, Tony Requist, and Chris Hawley. 

GEOS DEMO program by Rob Siegel. 

GEOS deskTop IJ User' s Manual by Patricia Huey, © Copyright Berkeley 

Softworks, Inc. 1988. 

Printed 6^8 

Commodore 64 ® is a registoed trademark and Commodore 128 is a 
trademark of Conunodore Electronics, Ltd. 



geoCalc, geoCalc 128, geoSpell, FontPack 1, FontPack P/mj, International 
FontPack, geoDex, geoMerge, geoWrite Workshop, geoWrite Workshop 
128, geoLaser, geoPubLaser, Text Grabber, Text Grabber 128, geoFile, 
geoFile 128, Graphics Grabber, geoPaint, geoWrite, diskTurbo, GEOS, 
GEOS 128, deskTop, DeskPack Plus, DeskPack 1, Icon Editor, geoPublish, 
geoProgrammer are trademarks of Berkeley Softworks, Inc. 

Drawing on page 66 from DiskArt by Those Designers. Mouse drawing on 
page 50 adapted from design by Peter and Paul Hughes. 

Customer Support 

If you need to contact Commodore's Customer Support Division, you can 
do so by phone or letter. 

Call: 

Customer Service: (215) 436-4200. 

Hours are Monday through Thursday, 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M., and Friday, 

9:00 A.M. through 4:00 P.M., Eastern Standard Time. 

Or write: 

Commodore Business Machines, Inc. 

attn: Customer Support 

1200 Wilson Drive 

West Chester, PA 19380 



Table of Contents 

1 

Welcome to GEOS 

2 Getting Started 

4 Running the Demonstration Program 

6 Exiting GEOS 

2 

Learning GEOS 

8 Common Features and How They Work 

3 

The deskTop 

16 The deskTop Screen 

18 File Management 

29 Disk Management 

33 Using More than One Disk Drive 

39 Using Non-GEOS Disks 

41 GEOS and BASIC 

42 Quick Reference 

4 

Desk Accessories 

46 The Calculator 

49 The Preference Manager 

54 The Alarm Clock 

56 The Note Pad 



5 

Those Extra Files 

60 Printer Files 

65 The Photo Manager 

69 The Text Manager 

72 The Font Files 

Reference 

73 Glossary 

81 Product Listing 
85 Index 



1 



Welcome 
to GEOS 




This special package is designed to introduce you to GEOS, the Gn^hic 
Environment Operating System produced by Berkeley Softworks. The 
contents of this package are the following: 

• The GEOS DESKTOP program disk This disk contains a demon- 
stration program that will introduce you to the latest GEOS products. It 
also contains a number of files you will need if you purchase any of our 
products. 

• This program guide This guide will get you started using the GEOS 
program disk. If you do not own GEOS products, use Chapters 1 and 2 
to learn how to open the GEOS DESKTOP program disk, run the 
demonstration program, and learn the basics of using a graphically 
oriented operating system. Chapter 3 explains how to use files and 
disks. Chapter 4 describes how to use the Calculator, Preference 
Manager, Alarm Clock, and Note Pad desk accessories. Chapter 5 
refers to the files on the flip side of the program disk. With the 
exertion of the CONFIGURE and DISK COPY programs, you cannot 
use die files on the GEOS ADDTL side of the the disk; however, you 
will need these files if you decide to purchase any GEOS products. If 
you come across any unfamiliar terms in this guide, refer to the 
Glossary on page 73. 






Welcome to GEOS 






Getting Started 



Use the procedure in this section to start up your GEOS DESKTOP disk. 
Once you have booted GEOS, you can run the demonstration program to 
learn more about the GEOS environment. 

To start up GEOS: 

1 : Set up your Commodore, disk drive, and input device as explained in 

their instruction manuals. Turn on the monitcn- and disk drive. (Do not 

turn on the keyboard yet) 

2: Carefully insert the GEOS disk into the disk drive. Make sure the 
GEOS DESKTOP side of the disk is up. Close the disk drive door. 

3: 128 users: Hold down the ffrl key. (This key is located on the lower 
left side of the keyboard.) While continuing to hold down the® key, 
turn on the keyboard. 

64 users: Turn on the keyboard. 

4: When the COMMODORE 64 BASIC V2 screen appears, there will be 
a flashing ctu:sor under the word R EADY. T ype exactly as follows: 
LOAD"GEOS",8,l and press the lRETURNi key. The foUowing 
screen will appear on the monitor 




■ pointer 



2 Welcome to GEOS 









S: This is the deskTop, which is the first screen that appears when you 
boot GEOS. The deskTq> enables you to work with files and disks in 
general, and to load programs. It woiks much like the main menu of 
many programs used on the Commodore. 

If You Do Not Have A Joystick 

If you do not have a joystick, you can use either a mouse. Koala Pad, or 
Inkwell light pen for GEOS. Before you can use one of these devices, you 
need to program GEOS to recognize it. (The procedure for doing so is 
sunple.) Refer to "Installing an Input Device" on page 23. 



Welcome to GEOS 



Running the Demonstration Program 



After you have loaded GEOS and have your input device working, you will 
be ready to run the GEOS demonstration program. (You will also get a 
quick lesson in using an input device, if you don't already know how.) 

Once you begin the GEOS demonstration program, it will continue until it 
completes its performance, then return you to the deskTop afterwards. You 
can interrupt the program at any time. 

If you wish to: Do the following: 

Move to the next dialog box Press the spacebar 

Stop a screen Hold down [S and press Isl 

Continue after stopping Hold down [fr] and press [cl 

Exit to deskTop Hold down [S and press \Z} 

To open the demonstration program: 

1: Use the input device to move the pointer on the screen. For example, if 

you have a joystick, move its handle in the direction you want the 

pointCT to go. 

2: Move the pointer so that it is positioned over the GEOS DEMO file 
icon. 

3: When the pointer is positioned over the icon, press the input device 
button. (If you are using a mouse, press the left button.) TTiis is called 
"clicking." The GEOS DEMO file icon will appear in reverse video. 



4 Welcome to GEOS «»>= 



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= GEOS DESKTOP = 


rm 


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64 


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CEOS CEOS BOOT CEOS KEPNflL DESK TOP 


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4: Now move the pointer to the row of commands at the top left comer of 
the screen and locate the file command. 



qeos j filed >jhw j disk j speciol 



5: When the pointer is positioned over file, click. 
Another list of commands will appear, and the 
pointer will move to the open option: 

6: Make sure the pointer is positioned over open 
and click again. The GEOS DEMO program 
will open. Enjoy! 



I?.P.5I?..Bfc... 
duplicate 

rename 

info 

print 



Click 

on 

open. 



Welcome to GEOS 



Exiting GEOS 



Never turn off your computer until you have properly closed a program, or 
damage to your files may occur. Use the following procedures to exit 
GEOS. You can turn off your computer entirely, or you can exit to BASIC 
mode from the deskTop, if desired. 

If you wish to turn off the computer: 

1 : Exit the current program and return to the deskTop. 

2: Position the pointer over the close icon in the Click here 

upper right comer of the disk note pad and click. y^c^k 

The file icons on the disk note pad will disappear 




and the disk drive icon rq)resenting the disk 
drive containing the program disk will appear 
with a question mark inside. 

3: Remove the program disk fi'om the disk drive and store the program 
disk in a safe place. 

4: Turn off the computer, disk drive, and monitor switches. 

If you wish to return to BASIC mode: 

1 : Exit the current program and return to the deskTop. 

2: Go to the command menu and click on the special menu item. 

3: Clicking on special will display two items: BASIC and RESET. 

Click on BASIC. You will be returned to the original 64 BASIC mode. 

NOTE If yo u wish to re turn to GEOS at this point, you can do so by 

pressing the iRESTOREl key. 

4: Remove the program disk from the disk drive and store the program 
disk in a safe place. 



6 Welcome to GEOS 



2 



Learning 
GEOS 




Once you begin using a grs^hically oriented operating system such as 
GEOS, you will be amazed at the ease and sp^ with which you can use 
icons, pull-down menus, and the keyboard to enter commands, move from 
one application to another, and manage files and disks. In this section, you 
will learn about using an input device with GEOS, selecting files in a 
variety of ways, using dialog boxes, moving files around the screen, using 
icons, and working with disk drives. Once you have read this section, you 
will know the basics of how to use the many GEOS products Berkeley 
Softworks provides. 



Learning GEOS 7 






Common Features and How They Work 



Using an Input Device 

To move around GEOS, you need to use an input device, which is a special 
device you hook up to your computer. As you discovaed when you first 
opened the GEOS program, the input device enables you to move the 
pointer around the screen and select certain items. A pointer is a small 
arrow that indicates your location on the screen. 

GEOS supports four input devices: the joystick, mouse. Koala Pad, and 
Inkwell light pen. If you are using a joystick, GEOS will automatically 
select it as the default input device when you boot up. If you are using a 
mouse. Koala Pad, or Inkwell light pen, you easily can activate it as the 
default input device by using the command menu. (The procedure for doing 
so is explained under "Installing an Input Device" on page 23.) 

If you are unfamiliar with using an input device, it is easy to learn how. 
Once you have connected the input device to your Commodore and in- 
stalled it to GEOS, you can begin to learn right away. As you move the 
mouse, joystick handle. Koala Pad, and Inkwell light pen in a direction, note 
that the pointer on the screen moves in the same direction as you move the 
input device. 

ClicJdng and Menus 

Now that you know how to move the pointer around the screen, you will 
need to know how to use the input device in other ways to work with 
GEOS. At the top left comer of the screen is a row of commands called a 
command menu. Move the pointer so that it is positioned over the disk 
command menu item. 

rqeip? j file j <.>iew j disLJ special | 

Now press the input device button. This is 
called clicking. See what you get? 

Dialog Boxes 

If you wish to select one of the menu 
options, move the points to the menu option 
you need and click again. Suppose you wish 

8 Learning GEOS >w^^:*^^^:<«*^^:<•M4^•^wc»K•^:<♦^^:♦^K♦^K«•^^:♦:♦:♦^:•M««♦^^^^^^^^ 



Open €r 


dose O C 


rename ^ 


copy 


^;alidate 


format 



to rename the current disk. Click on the rename option. A dialog box will 
appear, asking you to enter the disk's new name: 




To rename the disk, press IINST/DELl to backspace over the current name, 
and type in a new name. To exit, move the pointer to Cancel and click. (If 
you h^ wanted to change the disk's name, you would need to have pressed 
I RETURN | .) The dialog box will disappear and you will be returned to the 
deskTop. 

Some dialog boxes (such as the one above) will ask you to enter informa- 
tion. Other dialog boxes will display special messages. All you have to do 
to enter information is type what is needed on the keyboard. The small 
blinking vertical bar, called a cursor or text cursor, indicates where the 
text you type will appear. 

Double-clicking 

Accessories, applications, and application documents, can be opened 
without having to use the command menu. For example, move the pointer 
to the note pad file icon. Click twice on the icon in rapid succession. This 
is called double-clicking. The Note Pad will open on the screen. To return 
to the deskTop, click on the rectangular close icon at the upper right comer 
of the Note Pad.. 



Keyboard Shortcuts 

Sometimes you can start a procedure without 
having to use the input device at all. Instead you 
can use the keyboard itself. To use a keyboard 



^keyboard 
shortcuts 



open 
close 



^0 



Learning GEOS 9 



command, hold down the[^ key, and while keeping it held down, press the 
key needed to cany out the command. For example, if you wish to open 
(activate) the current disk, hold down @ and press [ol Keyboard com- 
mands can be found listed in the menus along with the menu option. 

Ghost Icons 

If you wish to move a file icon around the screen or to another disk, you can 
do so easily. Click on the file icon once so that it appears in reverse video, 
pause, then click on it again. An outline of the file icon will become 
attached to the pointer. The outline is the file's ghost icon. Move the ghost 
icon around the screen, and click to deposit it on the desired place, whether 
the location is another spot on the disk note pad, the border area, another 
disk drive icon, the waste basket, or the printer icon. (Most of these icons 
are described below.) You also can move file icons to other disk note pad 
pages, or you can copy them to another disk. 



Hera is the ordinal file icon highligitted. ■MMiiawuaj 



1.E 



Here is the same file icon's ghost icon. 

Other Icons 

There are a number of other icons on the deskTop screen. If you wish to 
view the next deskTop note pad page, click on the dog-eared comer at the 
lower left comer of the disk note pad page: 




Click here to go to the next page. 
Click here to go to the previous page. 

Tliere are other ways of moving to the next disk note pad page; these are 
covered in Chapter 3, "The deskTq)." 

If you wish to delete a file, you can drop its ghost icon into the waste basket 
at the lower right comer of the screen. If you wish to print an application 
document, you can do so by dropping its ghost icon onto the printer icon 
located in the lower right comer of the deskTop. 




printer icon ^{^ ivaste basket icon 

10 Learning GEOS 






If you wish to close the disk, click on the close icon at the top right comer 
of the screen: 

^ iiii-BI close icon 

Windows 

Once you open a GEOS application (which must be purchased separately), 
the document you are working with will be displayed in a large rectangular 
region called a window. Windows are typically used to separate different 
functional areas on the screen. A window is a view port of an area larger 
than can be displayed on the screen. 




geoPaint's Drawing Window 

For example, geoPaint provides a Drawing Window of an 8 1/2 by 1 1 inch 
document This window only shows a portion of the document at a time. 
You can work with the rest by scrolling or moving the window to different 
parts of the document. You can view an entire document page by using a 
preview command, if desired. Similarly, geoWrite provides a Writing 
Window, also with a preview command. 

WYSIWYG 

The first time you open a GEOS application such as geoWrite or geoPaint 
(which must be purchased separately), you will discover the concept of 
WYSIWYG — What You See Is What You Get; the appearance of the text 
and images on the screen appears as the final printout will appear. There- 
fore, when you are creating text, you can vary the size, style, and fonts 
(typefaces) of the text and see the results right away. 



Learning GEOS 11 



California California CsFams 



qeos I file j edit j options j page j font j ;tijle " 



GEOS Fonts i 



LEFTa CENTElia HBHig rULLD ^JUSTinCHTinN LINE SPRCINE-» !■ !!«□ 2a 



California 



UtoitwUt »Wii«IU SMttt/k ^^ 
BOWLES BOli/LeS %W^l 

Ciju&ii^z Cfuttlff^ d'^^^-4r ^/mM$^ ^ 

Gmzzlv isscunz^" @isdqe^[L 



iDQIIOJ. 



IWS/lvyG and fonts in a geoWrite Writing Window 

Fonts 

Berkeley Softworks offers a range of fonts from which you can choose. 
Font files, which appear on the deskTop, can be copied to your customized 
work disks. Once you open an application, the first six fonts that appear on 
the deskTop will be displayed as menu options in the application's font 
menu. 

Disk Drives and the RAM Expansion Unit 

GEOS is designed to read the contents of your disk from a disk drive, 

which is a special device you hook up to your computer. Disk drives vary 
in the type of disks they accept, how much storage they allow, and the speed 
with which they operate programs. 

This GEOS program uses the 1541 and 1571 Commodore disk drives, as 
well as the RAM Expansion Unit (REU). These disk drives are described 
fully in Chapter 3, "The deskTop". The types of disks you can use with 
GEOS are 5 1/4 inch floppies. The 1541 disk drive accepts single sided 
disks with 165K; the 1571 di^ drive accepts both single sided and double 
sided disks (33 IK). Other GEOS products support the 1581 disk drive. 

The REU does not physically accq>t disks; to use it you need to copy the 
contents of a disk drive to it When finished working with files on the REU, 
copy them back to their original work disks. Once you turn off the com- 
puter, the contents of the REU are lost. However, the advantages of using 
an REU are that it enables you to run programs much faster than with an 



12 Learning GEOS 









ordinary disk drive and that it expands m^nory. The 1764 REU siq)ports 
256K and the 1750 REU supports 512K. 

You can operate GEOS using one disk drive or two. If you are using an 
REU, GEOS will treat it as Drive B. Adding or changing disk drives is 
easily done by using the Configure program. 



Switching Disk Drives 

On the deskTop, the disk drives and REU are 
represented by icons located on the right side 
of the screen. The disk drive icon at the top of 
the screen represents Drive A; the one below it 
is Drive B (which also can represent an REU). 
You can switch disk drives simply by clicking 
on the disk drive icon you need. 




Drive A 



Drive B 



Many GEOS applications will read a file in another disk drive. For ex- 
ample, you could place the geoSpell spell-checking program on a disk in 
Drive A and a group of geoWrite documents on a disk in the other disk 
drive. When you open geoSpell in Drive A, it will display a dialog box 
listing documents you can spell-check on the current disk. This dialog box 
will also enable you to gain access to a list of documents in Drive B. 

If you add or change a disk drive, you can use the CONFIGURE program 
on the deskTop to enable GEOS to recognize it. (This file is located on the 
GEOS ADDTL side of the program disk.) Afterwards, every time you boot 
GEOS, the new disk drive will be recognized. 



Learning GEOS 13 



3 



The 
deskTop 




This chapter describes the features of the GEOS deskTop. Use this section 
to learn more about the deskTop's functions: how to manage files and 
disks, and how to use more than one disk drive. You will also learn how to 
run non-GEOS programs (such as BASIC and Assembly Language pro- 
grams) from the GEOS deskTop. 

At the end of this chapter is a Quick Reference to all the commands 
contained in the deskTop menus. 

Unfamiliar terms are defined in the Glossary on page 73. 



» The deskTop 15 



The deskTop Screen 



The deskTop, which is the first screen that appears after you boot GEOS, 
enables you to gain access to and work with your files. It also allows you to 
make decisions regarding disks, such as copying or renaming them. This 
chapter describes how to use the deskTop to work with files and disks. 



The deskTop appears as follows: 
command menu 




border 



printer icon 






waste basket icon 



The command menu lies along the top of the deskTop. Selecting each 
item in the command menu will cause another menu of commands to 
appear. To select a menu or a menu item, point to it and click. 

Along the upper right side of the deskTop are the disk icons, which indicate 
the disks that are currently in the disk drives. The disk drive containing the 
currently active or open disk is black. You can have up to two disk icons, 
each representing a disk drive or RAM Expansion Unit. 

The disk note pad is the large white area in the middle of the screen. It 
contains information about the currently open disk. The disk's name 
appears in the title bar (in the above example, the name of the disk is 
GEOS DESKTOP. A close icon is displayed at the far right; click on it to 
close (de-activate) the disk. The number of files, how much disk space is 

16 The deskTop >x«.»:<.x«.«^^ 



used and how much is available are listed below the tide bar. The disk note 
pad page displays the icons of the files located on the currently open disk. 

There may be up to eight fHe icons on each page of the disk note pad. The 
icon's appearance indicates the file's type, such as application or document 
The name of the file is written below the icon. Once you click on a file 
icon, it will become highlighted (i.e., it will appear in reverse video, just as 
the currently open disk drive). You need to highlight a file before you can 
move it around, open it, or work with it by using the command menu. Use 
the pointer to highlight a file icon. 

The area just below the disk note pad is the border, which is used to 
temporarily deposit file icons you are moving or copying. You can have up 
to eight file icons at a time in the border area. 

The printer icon appears in the lower right comer of the deskTop. The 
printer icon represents the default printer; below it is the name of the 
currently selected printer. 

The waste basket, whose icon also appears in the lower right comer of the 
deskTop, provides a way for you to delete files from the deskTop. 

Moving to Another Disk Note Pad Page 

You can have as many as 18 pages on the disk note pad, depending on the 
number of files on the disk. There are two ways to flip through the pages: 

For the first nine pages, enter the page number (1-9) from the key- 
board. 

• For all pages, click on the dog-eared (turned over) comer at the lower 
left comer of the disk note pad to move to another page: 

Click here to go to the next page. 
Click here to go to the previous page. 




^:«^^^^^: JhC dCSklop 17 






File Management 



File Functions 

You can peiform a numba: of actions with files on the deskTop. You can 
alter the viewing mode of the disk note pad files, select a file, move and 
copy files, open a file, change a file's write protect status, rename a file, 
duplicate a file, rearrange files on a disk note pad page, delete a file, make a 
file a default file, and print a document With the deskTop VI. 5, you need 
to work with one file at a time. 

Types of Files 

Each GEOS disk comes with an assortment of files which enable you to 
move around GEOS and use its many features. Depending on the GEOS 
product you have, you will use some or all of the following: 

• System fOes: basic operating files necessary for the use of GEOS. 
System files enable you to boot and run GEOS, use the deskTop, and 
transfer information from one file to another. 

• Program files: application files, such as geoWrite, a sq)histicated 
word processing program and geoPaint, a popular color graphics 
program. Desk accessory utility programs and Assembly Language 
and BASIC programs also fall into this category. 

• Data files: documents created with GEOS (and non-GEOS) applica- 
tions. Font files, which enable you to use a variety of typefaces in your 
documents, are also data files. In this manual, application data files are 
referred to as documents. 

• Interface drivers: programs that enable you to use a specific input 
device (such as a joystick or mouse) and printer. 

• Non-GEOS files: programs and data files that have not been converted 
to GEOS format. 

To see the full range of GEOS products, refer to the Berkeley Softworks 
GEOS Product Catalog that accompanies this package. 



18 The deskTop 



Viewing Modes 

You can view the items on the deskTop in either text or icon mode. Use 
text mode if you wish to view a list of all the files on the disk without 
having to page through the disk note pad pages. Text mode will sort files in 
a variety of ways. In any way the files are sorted, files with numbered 
names (e.g., the 1526 printer driver file) will appear before alphabetical 
names. Text mode also displays certain information about each file: its 
category type and how much memory it uses. Scroll through the list by 
clicking on the scrolling arrows at the bottom of the disk note pad. Use icon 
mode if you wish to manipulate the file in any manner (e.g., open it). 

To view by icon mode: 

Select by icon firom the view menu. The files on the disk note pad will 
be displayed as icons. Use this mode if you wish to work with files on 
the deskTop. The deskTop is initially in icon mode. 

To view by text mode: 

• Go to the view menu and click on one of the following commands: 

by size. Sorts files by size, largest file first 

by type. Sorts files by file type. 

by date'. Sorts files by date of last modification, most recent first The 
date is set by the Preference Manager desk accessory. 



by name. Sorts files alphabetically. 



\text 





mm 


mode 

of 

the 


13 files 


118 K 


bijtes used 17 K bytes fi ee 


COMM 1351 




IK 


CM Input Drivef 




CONFIGURE 




19K 


Auto-Execute 




desk! 


DESK fOP 




2SK 


System File 




DISK COPY 




4K 


BASIC Proqram 


^B ■ ■ 


GEOS BOOT 




IK 


System Boot File ■ 




GEOS DEMO 




85K 


Application 




GEOS KERNAL 




22K 


System Boot File ■ 




GEOS 




IK 


System Boot File | 







The deskTop 19 






Selecting a File 

You need to select a file with the input device before you can work with it. 
To select a file, you need to be in icon mode. 

To select a file: 

Simply point to the file icon and click. The file icon will become 
highlighted (i.e., white lettering on a black background). 

To deselect a file: 

• Click anywhere outside the file icon. 

Opening a File 

You can open documents from within an application, or you can use the 

deskTop to open the file (as long as a copy of the application is on that 
disk). Remember that you need to be in icon mode to open a file. 

To open a file from the deskTop, use one of the following methods: 

• Double-click on the file icon. 

• Click once on the file icon so that it is highlighted, then select open 
from the file menu. 

The types of files you can open from the deskTop are application programs, 
documents you have created, or desk accessories. You can open BASIC or 
Assembly Language programs and their data files. If you attempt to open 
another file type, such as a font file, a dialog box will inform you that the 
file cannot be opened fi'om the deskTop. 

File Info and Write Protect Status 

The info option m the file menu displays c^tain information about the 
selected file icon on the currendy open disk. It also enables you to ent^ a 
brief note regarding the purpose of a file and to determine whether a file can 
be deleted by changing its write protect status. 

To select info: 

1: Click on the file icon you need so that it is highlghted. 

2: Select info fix)m the file menu. 



20 Tlie deskTop 






w«X'X':-K«-:-»K<«<-:«<<*x->»x«««<«-:«'*MM-:-K-»>»>K-x«-> 



A dialog box will display the disk name, file type, file class, version, 
file structure, file size, most recent file modification date, and file 
author. It also will enable you to add a brief note and change the write 
protect status of the file. 




Write Protect Box 

To add a brief note to a file's i nfo dialog b ox: 

Simply start typing. Press I INST/DEL I to backspace. To move to 
anodier location, move the pointer anywhere in the text and click. 

To change the file's write protect status: 

• Click on the Write Protect box once. If the box is black, the file 
cannot be deleted. If the box is white, the file can be deleted. 

To close the info dialog box: 

• Click on the close icon m the upper right comer of the info dialog box. 
You will be returned to the deskTop. 

Renaming a File 

You can rename (or alter the current name of) a file by using the rename 
menu item. Before you can rename a file, you need to be in icon mode. 

To rename a file: 

1 : Click on file you wish to rename. 

2: Select rename from the file menu. 



•X'M'MC-K'K-K-I-WW-M'X'K'M'^X':' 






The deskTop 21 



3: A dialog bo x will ask you to '"Please enter new filename." Press 
I INST/DEL] to backs pace over a s much of the name as needed, enter a 
new name, and press |RETURN| . Use no more than 15 characters. File 
names can contain spaces, punctuation, and be in upper or lowercase, if 
desired. 

To cancel and leave the na me unchang ed: < 

Select Cancel or press I RETURN I without changing the file name. 

Duplicating a File 

Note that the name of the duplicated file cannot be the same as the original 
or any other file on that disk. Before you can duplicate a file, you need to 
be in icon mode. 

To duplicate a file: 

1 : Click on the file you wish to duplicate. 

2: Select duplicate from the Hie menu. 

3: A dialog bo x will ask you to "Please enter a new filena me." Press 
IINST/DELI to backspace, enter a new name, then press I RETURN | . The 
new filename should have no more than 15 characters. 

NOTE The new file will be the same as the old file, except for the 
name. 

Moving a File 

You can move file icons around the disk note pad and to other disk note pad 
pages. If you wish to move a file to another disk you will simply copy it to 
that disk, not actually remove it from the original disk. 

To move a file: 

1 : Click on the file icon so that it is highlighted, pause, then click on it 
again. An oudine called a ghost icon will become attached to the 
pointer. You can move the ghost icon around the deskTop. 



^^^ original file icon 
2: To deposit the file icon, move [!WI highlighted 

its ghost to its destination and ■i TMltf l^ _^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

■ icon's ghost 
icon 



click again. 
22 The deskTop 



NOTE In this manner, you can delete a file by depositing it into the 
waste basket, print a document by depositing it on top of the printer 
icon, or, if you have more than one disk drive, copy a file by depositing 
its ghost icon onto the disk drive containing the destination disk. You 
also can move file icons to another disk note pad page (see "Rearrang- 
ing File Icons," page 25). 

Default Files 

Some files automatically are used in place of others. For example, the first 
time you booted GEOS, the joystick was selected as your input device. 
This is because the joystick file icon was placed ahead of the other input 
device files (mouse. Koala Pad, and Inkwell lig^t pen) on your disk. 

GEOS is equipped to handle a wide variety of printers and input devices. 
However, because you can use only one such device at a time, you will need 
to configure GEOS to use the device. The procedure for doing so is simple; 
all you need to do is use the select input or select printer option in the 
geos menu. (The procedure for changing a printer device is covered in 
Chapter 5, "Those Extra Files.") 

Installing an Input Device 

The first time you boot GEOS, the joystick will be active as your input 
device. If you wish to use a mouse, Koala Pad, or Inkwell light pen, you 
will need to use the following procedure to activate it for use with GEOS. 
Once you have activated an input device, it will remain active (i.e., the 
default file) until you change its default status again. 

To select an input device as the default input device: 

1: Hold down the [fr] key, and while keeping it held down, press the letter 

m. 

2: A message box (called a dialog box) will appear on the screen. Tlie 
dialog box will display the four input device types on the disk. You 
need to select one. 






ThedeskTop 23 



Select 
Input 
Device 

mtimmM d'^iog 

» box 




3: To select your particu lar input device, press tfae lCRSRi keys (located 
below the I RETURN I key) to move the pointer on the screen: 



To move: 

down 
up 
right 
left 



Press: 

fCRSRJ tl 

ISHIFTIICRSRi ti 

ICRSRI fc; 

lSHIFT|[^RSRl ±? 



Move the pointer so that it is positioned over the name of the input 
device you have hooked up to your Commodore. For example, if you 
have a mouse, move the pointer so that it is positioned over COMM 
1351. 



4: When you have the pointe r positioned over the input device name you 
need, press the [RETURN | key. The name you select will appear in 
reverse video (i.e., white lettering on a black background). 

5: Now use the CRSR keys to move the p ointer so tha t it is positioned 
over the small box that says OK. Press I RETURN I . The dialog box 
will disappear and you will be returned to the deskTop. 



6: 



24 



You now can use your input device to move the pointer around the 
screen. You will notice that the input device file icon you selected will 
have moved ahead of the other input device file icon on the disk note 
pad. 

The deskTop 






Rearranging File Icons 

You can move a file ftom one page to another of the disk note pad, if 
desired. Files are listed in a menu or dialog box in the same order they 
appear on the disk note pad. If you have catain files you wish to appear 
early in a menu or a dialog box (e.g., fonts or file names), you can do so by 
rearranging them so that they appear at the beginning of the disk note pad. 
If you have special files you use frequently, you will find it quicker to gain 
access to them if you store them on the first page of the disk note pad. 

To move a file icon to another disk note pad page: 
1 : Open the disk containing the files you need so that the disk note pad is 
displayed. 

NOTE To open a disk, hold down the (S key and press \0\ , or click 
on its disk drive icon. 

2: Flip through the pages of the disk note pad until you find the file icon 
you need. 

NOTE To flip through the pages, either click on the dog-ear comer of 
the disk note pad or press the appropriate page number (1-9). 

3: When you find the file you need, click on it once, pause, then click on 
it again so that you bring up its ghost icon. 

4: Drag the file's ghost icon to 
the border and click to deposit 
it there. 




NOTE You can move up to 
eight file icons to the border. 

5: Go to the destination disk note pad page, either by clicking on the dog- 
ear or, for pages 1-9, entering a page number. 

6: Now drag the ghost file icon (using the method described above) you 
deposited onto the border up to the disk note pad page. 

7: Select an empty place and click to dqmsit the file icon there. 

»"««»»«»««««= ThedeskTop 25 









NOTE If there are no empty places, the file icon will be deposited onto 
the next available slot, which will be on a following page. 

Copying a File to Another Disk 

The methods for copying files to anotho- disk vary, depending on whether 
you have one disk drive or two. The disk from which you wish to copy is 
called the source disk and the disk onto which you wish to copy the file is 
called the destination disk. 

If you are using one disk drive: 

1 : Click on the file you wish to copy, pause, then click again to create a 
ghost icon. 

2: Drag the ghost icon to the border and click to deposit it there. (Repeat 
for each file you wish to copy.) 

3: Close the source disk by clicking on its close icon (or pressing |S[C] ). 

4: Remove the source disk horn the didc drive. 

5: Insm the destination disk into the disk drive wd open the disk. 

NOTE To open a disk, either click on its disk drive icon, select open 
from the disk menu, or press [frifol . 

6: Drag each file icon you deposited aa the border onto the destination 
disk's note pad. 

7: You will be asked to sw^^ the source and destination disks back and 
forth, particularly if you are copying more than one file at a time. 
When GEOS is finished copying, the file icon(s) will disappear from 
the border and reappear on the disk note pad page. 

NOTE Copying a file does /lot delete it from the source disk. If you 
re-open the source disk, the file will reappear on the border. Move the 
file icon back to the disk note pad where it belongs. 

If you are using two disk drives: 

1: Open the source disk by clicking on its didc drive icon. 



26 ThedeskTop 



2: Insert the destination disk into the otho- disk drive. Make sure it has 
been opened (its name will appear below the disk drive icon). 

3: Click on the file you wish to copy so that its ghost icon appears. 

4: Drag the file's ghost icon to the other disk drive icon and click to 
deposit the ghost on top of the destination disk drive icon. The file will 
be copied to that disk. 

NOTE You can copy a file from Drive A to Drive B and vice versa. 

Printing a File 

You can print an application document from the deskTop or within its 
^)plication. If you are printing a geoWrite document, a dialog box will 
enable you to set a variety of parameters regarding the document (e.g., page 
range). If you are printing a geoPaint document, it will be printed right 
away. Note tiiat before you can print a fiOie, you first must activate tfie 
correct printCT driver file. This procedure is covered in Chapter 5, "Those 
Extra Files." 

There are two ways to print a documait ftoxa the deskTop: 

To print using the command menu: 

• Click once on the document file icon so that it is highlighted, then 
select print from the file menu. 

To print using the printer icon: 

1 : Click on the document file icon so that its ghost icon appears. 

2: Drag the ghost icon to the printCT icon and click to deposit it on top of 
the printer icon. 

Deleting a File 

You can delete a file using the waste basket. Note that 

the procedure for deleting files on a master disk is slighfly 

different from a regular file deletion. (This is to prevent 

accidental damage to your master disks.) In either case. Drop n ;„ xhe 

once you have deleted a file, it is permanently deleted. waste Ijaskel 



The deskTop 27 



If you try to delete a file that is write protected, a dialog box will inform 
you that the file cannot be deleted. To change its write protect status so that 
you can delete the file, refer to "File Info and Write Protect Status," page 
20. 

To delete a file from a work disk: 

Drag the file's ghost icon to the waste basket and click to deposit it 
inside the waste basket. 

To delete a file from a master disk: 

1: Drag the file's ghost icon to the border and click to deposit it there. 

2: Now drag the file icon to the waste basket and click to deposit it inside 
the waste basket. 



28 ThedeskTop 



Disk Management 



The disks you use in GEOS fall into three general categories: boot (or 
system), application, and work disks. (Boot and application disks also are 
referred to as master disks.) The boot disk is used to start up GEOS. The 
application disk contains the GEOS programs you use, such as geoWrite or 
geoPaint. A work disk, described briefly in Chapter 2, "Learning GEOS," 
is reserved for everyday use and its contents are determined by you. It can 
contain copies of the application, documents, and related files (such as desk 
accessories or font files). 

Opening a Disk 

There are three ways to open a disk: 

• Select open from the disk menu. 

• Hold down the [fr] key and press [O] . 

Click on one of the disk drive icons at the right side of the screen. 

IMPORTANT When a disk is open, do not remove it from the disk 
drive unless a dialog box prompts you, or until you have properly 
closed the disk (as described below). Otherwise, damage to the files on 
the open disk may occur. 

Closing a Disk 

Before removing a disk from a disk drive, always close the disk by using 
one of the following methods: 

• Select close from the (He menu. 
Hold down the H key and press [c] . 

Click on the close icon at the upper right comer of the disk note pad. 



ThedeskTop 29 



Renaming a Disk 

You can use spaces and punctuation in the names of your disks, if desired. 
You can have up to 16 characters in a disk name. 

To rename the currently open disk: 
1 : Select rename from die disk menu. 

2: A dialog box will ask you to "Please enter new disk name." Backspace 
over t he current name as much as you need, type in a new name, and 
press iRFmRNl . 

NOTE Do not give disks the same name, since this may cause confu- 
sion. 

Copying a Disk 

The methods for copying a disk vary, depending on whether you have one 
disk drive or two. Note that the RAM Expansion Unit is treated as a disk 
drive. The source disk is the disk whose contents you wish to copy; the 
destination disk is the disk onto which you wish to copy those contents. 

NOTE You cannot copy a boot disk. 

To copy a disk using one disk drive: 

I : Insert the source disk into the disk drive and close the disk drive door. 

2: Open the source disk, eidier by clicking on its disk drive icon on the 
deskTop or by holding down [S and pressing the letter \0\. 

3: Open the DISK COPY utility program, r^a i Look for 

eitiier by double-clicking on its icon or |Hff| fhis file icon 

highUghting its icon and selecting open disk copm on the deskTop. 
from the file menu. 

NOTE The DISK COPY utility program is located on the GEOS 
ADDTL side of the program disk. 

4: The screen will turn blue and a message will instruct you to insert the 
disk to be copied into the disk drive. Insert the source disk and press 
IRETURNl . 



30 The deskTop 



5: Next, you wUl be instructed to insert the destina tion disk into the disk 
drive. After you have done so. press [RETURN I . 

NOTE If the destination disk is unfonnatted, the DISK COPY pro- 
gram will format it first before continuing with the copy procedure. 

6: Continue to follow the instructions on the screen until the disk copy 
procedure is complete. It should take about three swaps of the disk. 
When it is finished, you will have the option of copying another disk or 
returning to the deskTop. Press [Y] to copy another disk or \H\ to return 
to the deskTop. 

7: Use the rename command from the disk menu to rename the destina- 
tion disk. 

IMPORTANT To avoid confusion, never give two disks the same 
name. 

To copy a disk using two disk drives or one disk drive and a RAM Expan- 
sion Unit: 

1 : Open the source disk by inserting it into a disk drive and clicking on 
that disk drive's icon. 

2: Select copy fi-om the disk menu. A dialog box will prompt you to 
insert the destination disk into the other disk drive. 

3: Insert the destination disk into the other disk drive and click OK. 

NOTE If "the oth» disk drive" is a RAM Expansion Unit, this 
procedure will copy the current disk contents to the REU. If you have 
anREU.justcUckOK. 

4: The message "Replace the contents of (destination disk name) with the 
contents of (source disk name)?" will appear. Click YES to continue. 
After a few moments, the contents of the source disk will be copied 
onto the destination disk. 

NOTE You can copy a disk in Drive A to Drive B and vice versa. 



The deskTop 31 



Validating a Disk 

Use the validate command to check for possible errors on the currently 
open disk. If the damage is minor, the validate command will repair it. 
Validate will not change the file contents of the disk. After validating a 
disk, GEOS will teopen it. 

IMPORTANT Never validate a GEOS disk from BASIC. Only use die 
GEOS validate command when in the GEOS environment 

To validate a disk: 

1: Open the disk you wish to validate. 

2: Select validate from the disk menu. 

Formatting a Disk 

Before a blank disk can be used to store files, it must be formatted. If the 
disk contains files, formatting will erase the files. 

To format a disk: 

1: Select format from the disk menu. 

2: A dialog box will ask you to "Put disk to format in drive # and enter a 
name for it." If you have one disk drive, remove the current disk and 
insert the disk to be formatted; if you have more than one disk drive, 
insert the disk to be formatted into Drive B. 



3: Enter a name for the disk and press I RETURN I . 

Resetting a Disk 

Use this command if you wish to initialize the deskTop and reopen the 
currently active disk. Use this command after disk errors, or if you acciden- 
tally swap disks without following the proper open and close procedures. 

To reset a disk: 

• Select RESET fix)m the special menu. 



32 The deskTop 






Using More than One Disk Drive 



The disk note pad displays the contents of one disk drive at a time; the 
command menu acts on the currently selected disk drive. You can set up 
your Commodore to use two disk drives. As mentioned earlier, the RAM 
Expansion Unit acts as an extra disk drive. 

Available Disk Drive Types 

The 1541 Disk Drive 

• Memory: 165K. 

Disk Type: Single-sided 5 1/4 inch. 

The 1571 Disk Drive 

• Memory: 33 IK. 

• Disk Type: Single- and double-sided 5 1/4 inch. 

The 1581 Disk Drive 

• Memory: 790K 

• Disk Type: Double-sided 3 1/2 inch. 

NOTE The 1581 disk drive (which is not supported by the 1.5 desk- 
Top) operates faster than the 1541 or 1571 disk drives; howevCT, it is 
not as fast as a RAM Expansion Unit 

The RAM Expansion Unit 

• Memory: 165Kor331K. See "The RAM Expansion Unit (REU)," 
below, fcH- a more detailed explanation. 

The RAM Expansion Unit (REU) 

Perhaps the greatest single performance improvement you can make to your 
Commodore when using GEOS is to purchase the Commodore RAM 
Expansion Unit This device adds RAM storage to your Commodore and 
acts as a disk drive. A 1764 REU wiU add 256K and a 1750 REU will yield 
5 12K additional RAM. By copying £5>plications, desk accessories, and 
documents to the REU, and using them on the REU, you will notice an 
immense performance improvement in the speed with which applications 
load and run. When you have completed a document, be sure to copy the 
documents you altered back onto die disk in the actual 1541/1571/1581 disk 
drive. Once you turn off the computer, any files stored on the REU will not 
be saved. 

=^'*^*""''"='^*^^ ThedeskTop 33 



As mentioned before, the REU acts a disk drive, except that you cannot 
physically insert a didc into it. If the REU is supports 256K, you need to 
configure it as a 1541 disk drive, which uses 165K. If the REU supports 
512K, you eith^ can configure it as a 1541 disk drive (at 165K) or a 1571 
disk drive (at 330K). The rest of the memory is used by GEOS to speed up 
the programs you are currently using. 

Adding or Changing a Disk Drive 

Before you can use any of the previously mentioned disk drives with 
GEOS, you need to configure (i.e., format) each disk drive to the GEOS en- 
vironment. To do so, use the CONFIGURE program, which is located on 
the GEOS ADDT'L side of the program disk. 

Before You Use the CONFIGURE Program 

In order to use tiie CONFIGURE program, you will need to copy it to tiie 
GEOS DESKTOP side of the program disk (i.e., it needs to be on the boot 
disk in order to enable GEOS to recognize the configurations you set). If 
there is not enough room on the GEOS DESKTOP side, copy the DEMO 
file to a work disk. Once you have copied the DEMO file to a work disk, 
go to the GEOS DESKTOP side of the program disk and delete the DEMO 
program. If necessary, refer to "Copying a File to Another Disk," page 26. 

The following procedures describe how to change the configuration for 
Drive A, how to add or change the configuration for Drive B, and how to 
configure a RAM Expansion Unit as a disk drive. 

To change Drive A: 

1 : Make sure the CONFIGURE program has been copied to tiie GEOS 
DESKTOP side of tiie program disk. 

NOTE If necessary, refer to "Copying a File to AnotiiCT Disk," page 
26. 

2: Open the CONFIGURE program by fTT l Look for 
double-clicking on its file icon. |l^ ^'\u^!f°Z-r 

CONFIGURE O" '"S OeSKTop. 

NOTE An alternative is to highlight the CONFIGURE file icon and 
select open from the file menu. 



34 ThedeskTop 



3: Once you open the CONFIGURE program, the following screen will 
appear: 




The CONFIGURE program's main dialog box 

In the above example, the currently active disk drive for Drive A is a 
1571 disk drive. Note that its box is shadowed. 

4: Go to the Drive A dialog box and click on the No Drive option. A 
dialog box will say "If desired, you may now turn OFF and/or unplug 
drive A." If Drive A contains your boot disk, remove the boot disk 
from that drive, then turn off and/or unplug Drive A. Click OK. 

5: You will be returned to the main CONFIGURE screen. The Drive A 
box will now list a series of disk drive types. 

6: Click on the type of disk drive you plan to use as Drive A. A dialog 
box will instruct you to "Plug in & turn ON new drive." Connect the 
cables to the new disk drive according to the instructions in that disk 
drive's installation manual. If the previous disk drive contained your 
boot disk, insert the boot disk into the disk drive. 

7: Once the new disk drive is set up, click OK. You will be returned to 
the main CONFIGURE screen. The disk drive you selected will be 
listed below the No Drive option. 

8: Select save configuration from the file menu to install the change. 



ThedeskTop 35 






9: To exit the CONFIGURE program, select quit firom the fUe menu. 

To add a disk drive or change Drive B: 

1 : Make sure the CONFIGURE program has been copied to the GEOS 
DESKTOP side of the program disk. 

NOTE If necessary, refer to "Copying a File to Another Disk," page 
26. 

2: Open the CONFIGURE program by double-cUcking on its file icon. 

NOTE An alternative is to highlight the CONFIGURE file icon and 
select open from the file menu. 



3: Once you open the 

CONFIGURE program, a 
screen with three dialog 
boxes — for Drives A and 
B and the RAM Expan- 
sion Unit — will appear. 
Go to the Drive B dialog 
box and click on No 
Drive. 




Use the Drive B dialog box. 



Once you have clicked on 

No Drive, the Drive B 

dialog box will display a list of disk drive options. Click on the disk 

drive option you wish to configure as Drive B. 



5: Once you select a disk drive type, a dialog box will ask you to 'Tlug in 
& turn ON new drive." Hook up the new disk drive according to the 
instructions found in its installation manual. 

6: Once you have hooked up and turned on the new disk drive, click OK. 
You will be returned to the main CONFIGURE screen, and the disk 
drive you selected will be listed under the No Drive option. 

NOTE If you configured Drive A as a RAM Expansion Unit, a 
"shadowed" disk drive option will appear in the Drive B dialog box. 
Select this option. A shadowed disk drive will use some of the RAM 



36 TiiedeskTop 









Expansion Unit's memory to speed up the performance of any GEOS 
disk in that disk drive. 

7: Select save configuration from the file menu to install the change. 

8: To exit the CONFIGURE program, select quit from the file menu. 

To configure a RAM Expansion Unit as a disk drive: 

1 : Before you boot GEOS, hook up the RAM Expansion Unit to your 

Commodore according to the instructions in the REU's installation 

guide. 

2: Boot GEOS. Make sure you have copied the CONFIGURE program 
to the GEOS DESKTOP side of the program disk. 

NOTE If necessary, refer to "Copying a File to Another Disk," page 
26. 

3: Open the CONFIGURE program by double-clicking on its file icon. 

NOTE An alternative is to highlight the CONFIGURE file icon and 
select open from the file menu. 

4: Once you open the CONFIGURE program, a screen with three dialog 
boxes — for Drives A and B and the RAM Expansion Unit — will 
appear. You can configure a RAM Expansion Unit as either Drive A or 
Drive B. Go to either tfie dialog box representing the disk drive you 
wish to configure for the REU and click on No Drive. 

5: The disk drive's dialog box will display a list ofdisk drive types. If 
you hooked up a 1764 REU, click on the RAM 1541 option. If you 
hooked up a RAM 1750. click on either the RAM 1541 or RAM 1571 
option. 

6: Once you select a RAM disk drive type, you will be returned to the 
main CONFIGURE screen. The REU type you selected will be listed 
below the No Drive option of the disk drive dialog box you used. 

7: In the RAM Expansion Unit dialog box, make sure that the DMA for 
"MoveData" and RAM Reboot options are selected (their option 






ThedeskTop 37 



boxes will be filled in). DMA for ««MoveData" will enable GEOS to 
swap large amounts of data in the REU, thereby speeding up GEOS 
considerably when used in conjunctions with an REU. RAM Reboot 
will enable you to reboot without losing the contents of the REU. 

Check the REU dialog box before you exit. The options should be selected. 




RAM expansion: 512K 
DMA for "MoveData" ^M RAM Reboot 



8: Select save configuration from the f9e menu to install the change. 
9: To return to the deskTop, select quit from the file menu. 



38 The deskTop 






Using Non-GEOS Disks 



Although programs not specifically designed for GEOS cannot take 
advantage of GEOS's windows, icons, and pull-down menus, you can use 
the deskTop to examine the contents of a non-GEOS disk, and rearrange 
non-GEOS file icons on the disk note pad. In some cases, you can run 
programs and create new files. Once you exit GEOS, you can use the non- 
GEOS disk in its original non-GEOS format (i.e., the non-GEOS disk will 
appear unchanged if you run it in its non-GEOS environment afterwards). 

IMPORTANT It is recommended that you only convert copies (not origi- 
nals) of non-GEOS system, application, or other disks to GEOS format. 
Never convert an original non-GEOS disk to GEOS format. 

Using the deskTop with Non-GEOS Disks 

To use the deskTop to open a non-GEOS disk: 
1: Open GEOS to the deskTop. 

2: Close the current disk by clicking on its close icon or selecting close 
fi-om the disk menu (or pressing [fr] [Cj ). Remove it fi-om the disk 
drive. 

3: Insert the non-GEOS disk into the disk drive and select open from the 
disk menu (or press [^[o] ). 

4: A dialog box will ask you if you would like to convert the disk's 
directory to GEOS format. Select either Yes or No: 

Yes: GEOS will expand the directory on the disk by one block. 
This additional directory area will be used to keep track of files 
that are moved from the disk note pad to the deskTop border. 

• No: GEOS will not allow you to move files from this disk off the 
disk note pad onto the deskTop border. You can, however, 
proceed to use the deskTop to work with the files on the disk. 

5: Once you have selected Yes or No, you will be returned to the GEOS 
deskTop version of the non-GEOS disk. Each file on the disk will be 



The deskTop 39 






represented by a C=64 icon with the file's name below. You can 
rename, copy, and delete these files as if they were standard GEOS 
files. 

Running a Non-GEOS Program on GEOS 

Once you attempt to open a non-GEOS program on GEOS, GEOS will 
detarnine the type of program and if possible, run it If you cannot open a 
non-GEOS file in GEOS, boot the system disk fi-om which the document 
was created, then open the file. 

To run a non-GEOS program on GEOS: 
1: Double-click on the program file icon. Use the program as it is 
normally used. 

2: When finished, reboot GEOS so that you can return to the deskTop. 

NOTE If you have a RAM Expansion Unit, you can reboot so that its 
contents will not be lost Exit to BASIC (by selecting BASIC from the 
special menu) and type L0AD"RB00T"3,1. The GEOS deskTop 
will appear. 

If the disk you have inserted is normally run using the LOAD"*",8,l 
command, double-click on the upper left comer icon of the disk note pad to 
open that file. (The LOAD"*",8,l command will tell your Commodore to 
open the first file it finds on the disk.) 



40 The deskTop 



GEOS and BASIC 



If you are a BASIC programmer, you can enter and use the BASIC environ- 
ment directly from flie GEOS deskTop. 

To enter BASIC from the deskTop: 

Select BASIC from the special menu. You will enter the Commodore 
BASIC interpreter. 

Using the BASIC Interpreter from the deskTop 

Once you have entered the Commodore BASIC interpreter, your Commo- 
dore will run much as before except that the default NMI vector will be 
replaced with a vector to some reboot code for the deskTop in the $C000 
memory space. This will allow the deskTop to be rebooted by inserting t he 
original GEOS boot disk into the disk drive and pressing the IRESTOREI 
key on the keyboard. 

Running BASIC Programs from the deskTop 

Any BASIC program can be loaded and run from the deskTop. If the 
program is smaller than 26K, the GEOS diskTurbo software will fast-load 
the program into memory and automatically execute a RUN command. If 
the program is larger than 26K, it will be loaded by the normal Commodore 
DOS routines and a RUN command will be executed. 

To run a BASIC program from the deskTop: 

• Double-click on the program's file icon on the disk note pad page. 

Returning to the deskTop 

If the programs you have run while in the BASIC intapreter do not disturb 
the memory space between $C000 and $C080 (hex address values), and the 
NMI vector has not been changed, then you can reboot the deskTop. 

To reboot from BASIC: 

1: Place the original GEOS boot disk into Drive A. 

2: Press the IRESTOREI key. 

To reboot from BASIC without losing the contents ofanREU: 

• Type L0AD«RB00T"^,1. 






The deskTop 41 






Quick Reference: deskTop Menus 



geos 

geos info: displays copyright notice and authors of GEOS. 

deskTop info: displays copyright notice and authors of the deskTop. 

select printer: moves a selected printer driver to the default position 

until the next time you boot GEOS. 

select input (IS CD )? moves a selected input device (mouse, joystick, 

Inkwell light pen, or Koala Pad) to the default position until the next 

time you boot GEOS. 

calculator: a desk accessory for quick calculations.' 

alarm clock: a desk accessory that lets you set the time and an alarm. 

note pad: a desk accessory that lets you jot notes to yourself. 

preference mgr: a desk accessory for determining the input driver 

speed and color, screen background and foreground colors, file icon 

colors, and system time and date. 

text manager: a desk accessory for storing portions of text for use in 

other documents. (On this disk, the Text Mwager is located on the 

GEOS ADDT'L side.) 

photo manager: a desk accessory for storing graphic images for use in 

other documents. (On this disk, the Photo Manage is located on the 

GEOS ADDT'L side.) 

file 

open: loads and executes the currently selected file on the deskTop. 

duplicate: creates a duplicate copy of the selected file. 

rename: renames the selected Ale. 

info: displays information about the selected file; also lets you change 

a file's write protect status. 

print: prints the selected application document 

view 

by icon: displays files in icon mode. 

by size: displays files sorted by size, largest file first. 

by type: displays files groups by type. 

by date: displays files in order of last modification, most recent file 

modification first 

by name: displays files in alphabetical order. 

42 The deskTop =««»x«»x>^^ 






disk 

open ([S[0] )' opens the disk in the current disk drive and displays 

the disk-fi lssi n the disk note pad. 

close ( [l«]fcr T: closes the currently open disk. 

rename: renames the currently open disk. 

copy: copies the contents of the currently open disk to another disk. 

validate: checks the currently open disk for errors and makes minor 

repairs. 

format: formats a disk in any disk drive. Formatting will erase the 

contents of that disk. 

special 

BASIC: enables you to enter BASIC mode. 
RESET: initializes the deskTop and reopens the disk. 



ThedeskTop 43 



4 



Desk 
Accessories 




GEOS offers a range of desk accessories, which are small programs you can 
use from within an application or on the deskTop. When you select a desk 
accessory from the geos menu, it will pop up over the current application or 
the deskTop; when you exit the desk accessory, it will disappear from the 
screen and you will be returned to the previous program. The desk accesso- 
ries available on this disk are the Calculator, the Preference Manager, the 
Alarm Clock, the Note Pad, the Photo Manager, and the Text Manager. The 
Calculator, Preference Manager, Alarm Clock, and Note Pad, which you 
can use right away, are located on the GEOS DESKTOP side of the 
program disk. 

Note that you cannot use the Photo Manager and Text Manager desk 
accessories with this disk. These desk accessories are used with other 
GEOS applications, such as geoWrite and geoPaint The Photo Manager 
and Text Manager are located on the GEOS ADDT'L side of the program 
disk. 

Desk accessories can be copied to work disks and arranged so that they 
appear in any order you wish in the geos menu. 



Desk Accessories 45 






The Calculator 



<4l<ulat«r 



The Calculator desk accessory gives you the ability to do quick 
arithmetic while running any GEOS application or while you are 
on the deskTop. It operates in the same fashion as a typical four- 



function calculator. 



Entering the Calculator 

To enter the Calculator, use one of the following methods: 
Select calculator from the geos menu. 

• Go to page 1 of the GEOS DESKTOP disk note pad and double-click 
on calculator file icon. 

Once you open the Calculator, it will appear as follows: 




The Calculator will appear over an application as well as the deskTop. 



46 Desk Accessories ^»^^^^««»^!««««»!««^^^^^ 



Entering Values 

To enter values and execute functions, either use the pointer and click on 
the Calculator keys, or use the top row of numbers on your keyboard. The 
keys you need to use are as follows: 





Calculator Key 


Keyboard Key 


Add: 


+ 


+_ 




Subtract: 


- 


- 




Divide: 


+ 


T 




Multiply: 


X 


* 




Decimal: 


, 


.2 




Exponential: 


E 


[Ej 




Equal: 


=: 


es 




Clear: 


c 

CE 

■ 


C 




Clear Entry: 


INST/DEL 1 


Close: 


SHIFTIIQI 



Numbers in Scientific Notation 

In addition to supporting the basic arithmetic functions of addition, subtrac- 
tion, multiplication, and division, the Calculator supports handling numbers 
in scientific notation. To enter very large (or very small) numbers, use 
scientific notation. Type the mantissa (the decimal part of a logarithm), 
then E, then the power of 10. For example, to calculate the equation 3.2 X 
10" + 2.1 X 10 •^ you would input the following: 

1: Type: 3.2E11 

2: Click on the division key: + 

3: Type: 2.1E-5 

4: Click on the equal sign: = 

The correct answer, 1.5238E+16, is displayed in the calculation window. 
Note that the maximum exponent that may be displayed or used in a 
calculation is 10" or 10" (E-37 or E37). 



Desk Accessories 47 






Exiting the Calculator Click here 

• Click on the close icon (the black key in the 
upper ri ght comer of the Calculator) or press 
ISHIFTI [q] on the keyboaid. 




48 Desk Accessories 






The Preference Manager 



|5gg| The Preference Manager desk accessory enables you to set a 
[3^ variety of parameters regarding the color of the screen or 
Pf«r«r*n<« Mflf pointer, the speed and shape of the pointer, the date, and the 
time. As shown below, the Preference Manager is divided into several 
functional areas. 



Entering the Preference Manager 

To enter the Preference Manager, use one of the following methods: 

• Select preference mgr from the geos menu. 

• Go to page 1 of the GEOS DESKTOP disk note pad and double-click 
on the preference mgr file icon. 

Once you open the Preference Manager, it will appear as follows: 



geos j file I view j disk I speci<il 




The Preference 
deskTop. 



will appear over an application as well as the 



By changing the settings displayed in these areas, you can customize the 
way GEOS works to your own particular preferences. 



;.:::»» Dggk Accessorics 49 



I ftCCELERATIoRJ 
I MAX UELOCITSJ j 
IMl flUELOCITV~l 



Setting the Pointer Movement Characteristics 

The three bars in the upper left comer control the 

speed of the pointer. MIN VELOCITY and MAX 

VELOCITY set the minimum and maximum speed 

the pointer will achieve. ACCELERATION 

controls how quickly the pointer will achieve 

maximum velocity. ^,. . ^ , . 

' Click on the knob. 

To determine the pointer's movement: 

1: Point to the knob in one of the three bars and click. 

2: Drag the knob to a new location. Moving it to the left will slow the 
pointer down; moving it to the right will speed it up. 

3: Click again to set the knob in place. 

4: Go to die list of options at the right and click on the CHANGE box. 

NOTE RefCT to "Using, Saving, and Recalling Your Changes," page 
52, for how to save the changes temporarily, until the next time you 
boot GEOS, or permanendy. 



Changing the Pointer's Shape 

TTie two boxes in the lower left comer, entitled 
ACTUAL and EDIT, display a bitmapped image 
of the pointer. The pointer is composed of small 
dots called pixels. 




ACTUAL 
EDIT 
Click in the EDIT Box. 



To change the pointer' s shape: 

1 : Position the pointer over the bitmapped image of the pointer in the 
larger EDIT box. It will assume the shape of a small line. 

2: Click to create new pixels. If you click on an existing pixel, you will 

delete it. Change the shape of the pointer by clicking on the pixels that 

make up its image. _____^_^ 

A pointer 

3: Go to the list of options at the right and click ~^t ") g^mouse 
on the CHANGE box 




50 Desk Accessories 



NOTE Refer to "Using, Saving, and Recalling Your Changes," page 
52, for a variety of options for saving or recalling changes to the Prefer- 
ences Manager. 

Changing the Pointer's Color 

You can change the pointer to any of 15 different /dl MOUSE 

colors. C//c/t here. 

To change the pointer's color: 

1 : Click on the MOUSE box in the list of options in the middle of the 
page to cycle through the available colors for the pointer. 

2: Go to the list of options at the right and click on the CHANGE box. 

NOTE Refer to "Using, Saving, and Recalling Your Changes," page 
52, for a variety of options for saving or recalling changes to the Prefer- 
ences Manager. 

Changing the Border, Background, and Foreground Colors 

Changing the colors displayed in the border, r— i gQpQ^p 

background, and foreground is as easy as lHa B.GROUND 

changing the color of the pointer. You have 16 F.GRUUNu 

colors from which to choose. The background ^*® ^^^^ options. 

color may be any of these colors except the current foreground and pointer 
colors. 

To change the colors of the border, background, and foreground: 

1: CUck on the BORDER, B.GROUND, and F.GROUND boxes in die 

list of options in the middle of the page to cycle through the selection 

of colors. 

2: Go to the list of options at the right and click on the CHANGE box. 

NOTE Refer to "Using, Saving, and Recalling Your Changes," page 
52, for how to save the changes temporarily, until the next time you 
boot GEOS, or permanently. 



Desk Accessories 51 



Changing the Date or Time 

For accurate date/time stamping of your 
data files, you will need to set the date 
and time whenever you boot GEOS and 
before you start working with the 
applications. 



I 61:13:25 Bm""! TIME SET 



I El5/'2 6/88 I DATE SET 



Look for these boxes. 



To set the date or time: 

1: Click Gin the DATE SET or TIME SET box. 

2: Type in the new date or time. (The time will freeze after you press the 
first key on the keyboard.) Press the space bar to bypass correct 
entries. (Note that the cursor will bypass the colons and slashes.) 

3: When you are satisfied with the date or time, press I RETURN I . 

NOTE Moving the pointer outside the DATE SET or TIME SET 
boxes will cause the values to revert to their original settings. 

NOTE Refer to "Using, Saving, and Recalling Your Changes," below, 
for a variety of options for saving or recalling changes to the Prefer- 
ences Manager. 

Using, Saving, and Recalling Your 
gEXiT Changes 

on \Z3 SAUE ^® ^^^ °^ options at the right of the Preferences 
tf7ese EZI CHANGE Manager dialog box enable you to save the changes 
boxes. dD DEFAULT you make in a variety of ways. 

To install the change temporarily: 

• Click on the CHANGE box. If you exit the Preferences Manager 
dialog box at this point, the changes you made will remain in effect 
while you use the application. However, the default parameters will be 
reset upon quitting the application and returning to the deskTop. 

To install the change permanently on a work disk: 
1 : Click on the CHANGE box. 

2: Click on the SAVE box. The new settings will appear as a Preferences 
file on the disk and will be loaded each time you open that disk. 

52 Desk Accessories »:-™«<««»»^!«««5««««»^^ 



3: To return to the previous application, click on the EXIT box. 

After making additional changes, to recall the last "saved" changes: 
1: Click on the LOAD box. This will load the Preferences file into the 
Preference Manager. The controls then will display the new settings. 

2: Click CHANGE to activate the new settings. 

To recall the default settings: 

• Click on the DEFAULT box. This will eliminate all changes you have 
ever made and load the standard GEOS colors, shapes, and settings. 

To exit the Preference Manager: 

Click on flie EXIT box to return to the previous application. Selecting 
EXIT without first selecting LOAD, SAVE, CHANGE, or DE- 
FAULT will cancel any changes you have made to the Preferences 
Manager in that editing session. 



Desk Accessories 53 



The Alarm Clock 



The Alarm Clock desk accessory can be called up to display 
the current time (if it has already been set), set the correct 
alarm dock time, or Set an alarm time. Once set, the clock and alarm are 
active no matter where you are working in GEOS. Setting the alarm will 
cause a tone to sound at the specified time. 

Entering the Alarm Clock 

To enter the Alarm Clock, use one of the following methods: 

• Select alarm clock from the gees menu. 

• Go to page 2 of the GEOS DESKTOP disk note pad and double-click 
on the alarm clock file icon. 

Once you open the Alarm Clock, it will appear as follows: 




The Alarm Clock will appear over an application as well as the deskTop. 

For ea ch of the th ree buttons u sed, ther e is a corresponding key: {M\ for 
Mode, I RETURN I for SET, and lSHIFTi \Q\ for close. In the above illustra- 
tion, the Alarm Clock is set at Clock Mode. 



54 Desk Accessories =«•••»• 



Setting the Clock Time 

1: Make sure Clock Mode is selected: press M or 
click on the Mode icon until a clock face 
appears. Clock Mode 

2: Click the pointer at the first time digit. The digit will become high- 
lighted and the clock time will freeze. 

3: Type the new time. The cursor will skip the colons and the letter [Ml. 
Press the space bar to bypass correct entries. 

4: When finished, press I RETURN I or click on SET. 

5: To exit the Alarm Clock, click on the close icon or press ISHIFTI [q1 . 

Setting the Alarm 

1: Switch to Alarm Mode: press [Ml or click on 

the Mode icon until a bell appears. ., .. ^ 

Alarm Mode 

2: Click the pointer at the first time digit. TTie digit will become high- 
lighted and the clock time will freeze. 

3: Enter the alarm time. The cursor will skip the colons and the letter [M|. 
Press the space bar to bypass correct entries. 

4: When finished, press I RETURN I or click on SET. The new bell dis- 
played next to the close icon will signify that you have set an alarm. 

NOTE The bell will disappear after the alarm has sounded and have 
exited the Alarm Clock. 




5: To exit the Alarm Clock, click on the close icon or press ISHIFTI |Q| . 

Exiting the Alarm Clock 

Use one of the following methods to exit the Alarm Clock: 
• Click on the close icon. 




Hold down ISHIFTI and press [Qj . Click here to exit 



When you exit the Alarm Clock, you will be returned to the previous 
application or the deskTcq). 

*^«®=««^""«:"»=»:"^^ Desk Accessories 55 



The Note Pad 



n 



With the Note Pad desk accessory you can jot down short notes 

while you are using any GEOS application. Your notes will 

h«t« P44 automatically be saved to a Notes file on the deskTop. Any text 
that was saved in the Notes file will be displayed each time you use the 
Note Pad. You can store up to 127 pages of notes, with 253 characters on 
each page. 

NOTE The term "Note Pad" should not be confused with the "disk note 
pad" (the area of the deskTop containing files on the currently open disk). 

Entering the Note Pad 

To enter the Note Pad, use one of the following methods: 

• Select note pad from the geos menu. 

• Go to page 1 of the GEOS DESKTOP disk note pad and double-click 
on note pad file icon. 

NOTE You cannot enter the Note Pad by trying to open the Notes data 
file. 

Once you open the Note Pad, it will appear as follows: 




The Note Pad will appear over an application as well as the deskTop. 
56 Desk Accessories »»»»»»:«««««5m»>:<»»:-^^ 




Adding Notes 

When the Note Pad appears, begin to type a note. Insert characters by 
clicking the pointer at the desired inser tion point; d elete characters by 
posit ioning tf ie cursor and pressing the I INST/DEL I key or the left or 
right lCRSRi key. 

Moving to Another Page 

To move to another note pad page, click on the dog-ear that appears in the 
lower left comer of the Note Pad. 

„ ^ , Click here to go to the next page. 
Click here to go to the previous page. 

Deleting the Note Pad Contents 

1 : Exit the current application or desk accessory and return to the desk- 
Top. 

2: Look for the file icon entitled Notes (not note pad). The Notes file is a 
data file that was created when you entered a note into the Note Pad. 

3: Delete the Notes file icon from the deskTop by dragging the Notes file 
ghost icon to the waste basket and clicking to deposit it i. — lI The 
inside. This will remove the existing notes and give [k l| ^°^^^ 

you a fresh Note Pad with which to work. N«t«* "'°" 

Exiting the Note Pad 
• Click on the close icon at the upp^ right comer 
of the Note Pad. 

Clhk here to exit. 

Once you have exited the Note Pad, you will be retumed to the previous 
application or the deskTop. 




Desk Accessories 57 



5 



Those 
Extra Files 




Some of the files included on this program disk can be used only if you 
have purchased GEOS applications and will be necessary for them to run 
properly. Do not delete these files. They are located on the flip side of the 
GEOS DESKTOP disk, which is entitled GEOS ADDT'L. TTie files on 
page 1 of the disk note pad consist of three font files and the Text Manager 
and Photo Manager desk accessories. Pages 2-5 contain a number of 
printer drivers, which are special files that enable you to print GEOS 
documents using your printer. 

If you have not yet purchased a GEOS compatible application, you may 
skip this chapter. 



Those Extra Files 59 



Printer Files 



GEOS supports over 70 different printers. Each one 
requires its own printer file called a printer driver. This 



c«mm. compot. program disk conies equipped with a number of printer 
drivers. 

If you purchase any of the GEOS compatible applications, you will need to 
use the procedures described in this section to set up your printer so that you 
can print GEOS documents. This section describes how to find the printer 
driver you need and how to configure GEOS so that you can use your 
printer. 

Activating Your Printer 

Once you have activated your printer driver it will remain the default printer 
driver until the next time you change it (even if you reboot GEOS). If you 
have more than one printer, you can switch printer drivers as often as you 
need. 

To make a printer driver the default printer driver: 
1: Refer to the Printer Drivers chart on page 61 to find the name of the 
printer driver you need. 

2: Once you have found printer driver you need, copy it fi'om the GEOS 
ADDT'L disk onto your GEOS boot disk. 

NOTE If necessary, refer to "Copying a File to Another Disk," page 26. 

3: Open the GEOS boot disk so that its deskTop is displayed. 

NOTE To open a disk, either click on its disk drive icon or hold down 

the IS key and press \o\. 

4: Choose select printer from the geos menu. 

5: A dialog box listing die printer drivers on that disk will appear. Find 
the name of the printer driver you copied onto that disk, click on it, 
then click OK. You will be returned to the deskTop. 

60 Those Extra FOes «»»»x.x«x.x.x.:«;^^ 












6: Close the boot disk and remove it from the disk drive. 

NOTE To close a disk, either click on its close icon or hold down the 
[fri key and press [c]. 

7: Now copy the same printer driver to the GEOS application disk. 

8: Insert the iq>plication disk into the di^ drive and open it so that the 
deskTop is displayed. 

9: Follow Steps 4-5 to make the prints drivo- you copied to the applica- 
tion disk the default printer driver. 

10: Dose the {^plication disk and remove it from the disk drive. 

Printer Drivers 

To find the printer driver you need, refer to the chart below. For example, if 
you own an Apple 2 Scribe, you will need to look for the Scribe driver file 
on the di^. Chice you have found the printer driver file you need, copy it to 
the boot and application disks of the GEOS q)plications you purchase. If 
needed, refer to "Copying a File to Another Disk" on page 26. Once you 
have copied it to these disks, use the procedure under "Activating Your 
Printer" on page 60 K) make it the default printer. 



Your Printer 



Interface 



Printer Driver 



Apple 2 Scribe 
Apple ImageWritar 
Apple ImageWriter n 
Blue Chip M120 
BMCBX-80 
Cal-Abco Legend 800 
Cal-Abco Legend 808 
Cannon PW-1080A 
Cannon PW-1156A 
Citizen 120-D 
C.Itoh8510 
Cltoh 8510A 
C.It(A Riteman C+ NLQ 



RS-232 Serial 
RS-232 Serial 
RS-232 Serial 
Centrraiics Parallel 
CratrcHiics Parallel 
Centronics Parallel 
Centronics Parallel 
Centronics Parallel 
Centronics Parallel 
Commodore Serial Bus 
Centronics Parallel 
Centronics Parallel 
Commodore S^ial Bus 



Scribe 

ImageWriter 
ImageWriter II 
BlueChip M120 
BlueChipM120 
BlueChip M120 
Epson MX-80 
Epson FX-80 
Epson FX-80 
MPS 1200 
Cltoh 8510 
Cltoh 8510A 
Riteman C+ 



>»»««««««*»»»K««w^^ Those Extra Files 61 



Your Printer 


Interface 


Printer Driver 


Commodore 1525 


Commodore Serial Bus 


MPS-801 


Commodore 1526 


Commodore Serial Bus 


1526 


Commodore MPS-801 


Commodore Serial Bus 


MPS-801 


Commodore MPS-802 


Commodore Serial Bus 


1526 


Commodore MPS-803 


Commodore Serial Bus 


MPS-1000 


Commodore MPS-1000 


Commodore Soial Bus 


MPS-1000 


Commodore MPS-IOOO 


Centronics Parallel 


IBM 5152+ 


Commodore MPS-1200 


Commodore Serial Bus 


MPS-1200 


Epson FX 80y80+/85/100/ 






100+/185 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson FX-80 


Epson EX-800 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson FX-80 


Epson FX-185/286 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson FX-80 


Epson JX-80 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson JX-80 


Epson LQ-800/1000/15(X) 


Centronics Parallel 


StarNB-15 


Epson LX-80 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson FX-80 


Epson MX-80/100 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson MX-80 


Ergo Systems Hush 80CD 


Commodore Serial Bus 


MPS-1000 


Hewlett Packard I -aserjet 


RS-232 Serial 


HPTrfiserjet 


Hewlett Packard Laserjet+ 


RS-232 Serial 


HP Laserjet 


IBM5152+ 


Centronics Parallel 


IBM 5152+ 


Mannesmann Talley 






Spirit 80 


Centronics Parallel 


Blue Chip M120 


NEC 8023 


Centronics Parallel 


Cltoh 8510 


NEC PC Printer (Epson LQ 






SCTies) 


Centronics Parallel 


StarNB-15 


Okidata Microline 92/93 


Centronics Parallel 


OkiML-92/93 


OkidataOkimatelO 


Commodore Smal Bus 


Okimate 10 


Okidata Okimate 20 


Commodore Serial Bus 


Okimate 20 


Okidata 120 


Commodore Serial Bus 


Oki 120 


Okidata Oki 120 


Commodore Serial Bus 


Okil20NLQ 


Olivetti PR-2300 


Centronics Parallel 


Olivetti PR-2300 


Panasonic KX-P1090 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson MX-80 


Panasonic KX-P1091/1092 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson FX-80 


SeikoshaSP-lOOOA 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson FX-80 


SeikoshaSP-lOOOVC 


Commodore Serial Bus 


Comm Compat. 


Star Delta 


Centronics Parallel 


Gemini lOx 


Star Gemini 11 


Commodore Serial Bus 


Comm Compat. 


Star Gemini lOx 


Centronics Parallel 


Gemini lOx 


Star Gemini lOx 


Centronics Parallel 


Epson MX-80 



62 Those Extra FOes 



Your Printer 


Interface 


Printer Driver 


Star Micronics NL-10 (with 






Commodore interface) 


Commodore Serial Bus 


Star NL-10 
(Com) 


Star Micronics NL-10 (with 






Centronics Parallel 






interface) 


Centronics Parallel 


Star NX-10 


Star Micronics NX-10 


Centronics Parallel 


Star NX-10 


Star Micronics NX-IOC 


Commodore Serial Bus 


StarNX-lOC 


Star SG- 10/15 


Centronics Parallel 


Star SG- 10/15 


Star Radix 


Centronics Parallel 


Gemini lOx 


Toshiba PA7253 


Centronics Parallel 


Cltoh 8510 



Intetface 

The interface you use depends on the type of printer you have. After you 
have connected the interface card to your Commodore and printer cable as 
explained in the interface card's instruction manual, note the following: 

• The printer is always addressed as device #4 on the serial bus, so set the 
interface card or printer to device #4. 

• Turn off any auto line-feed settings on die printer and the interface 
card. 

• If the interface card that you are using has a transparent mode and you 
cannot get your printer to work with the specific printer setting, use the 
transparent mode. 

• Tested cards are: Centronics Parallel, Commodore Serial Bus, Cardco 
Card?+G, Cardco Super G, DSI PPI Printer Interface, G-Whiz, Jameco 
JE-232 CM, Micrografix MW-302, Micrografix MW-350, Omnitronix 
Deluxe RS232 Interface, Telesys Turboprint GT, Xetec Graphics 
Printer Interface, Xetec Super Graphix, Xetec Super Graphix Jr. 

// Your Printer Is Not Listed 

If you don't find your particular printer listed, don't despair — most printers 
are compatible with one of the printers listed and can use the same setup. If 
your printer does not work, please call Berkeley Softworks for help. The 
Customer Service phone number is (415) 644-0890. We may have tested 
your printer by then and will be able to help get you up and running. 

^:.^^K«^^^^^x«.»^ ThOSe ExtfE FlICS 63 



As new printers become avaUable, Berkeley Softworks will write new 
printer drivers to support these devices. These drivers will be made 
available to registered GEOS users for the cost of the disk plus shipping and 
handling. They will also be available for downloading on Q-Link Telecom- 
munications Service. 



64 Those Extra Files 



The Photo Manager 




Once you purchase a GEOS application, use the Photo 
Manager to store and handle graphic images created with 
ph«t« moiiafltf geoPaint. Graphic images are stored in special files called 
photo albums. Each photo album may contain up to 127 pages of graphic 
images. For example, one photo album may contain charts and graphs for a 
business proposal; another album may contain illustrations for your upcom- 
ing novel. 

The Photo Manager enables you to select graphics from any of the photo 
albums and insert them into other GEOS applications, such as geoWrite. 

Photo Scraps and Photo Albums 

There is a distinct relationship between the "photo files." Whenever you 
cut or copy a picture (graphic image), it is placed into a photo scrap file, 
which is a temporary storage file. Photo albums are a means of saving the 
image you placed in the photo scrap and turning it into a permanent file. 
The Photo Manager allows you to cut and paste images to and from a photo 
album. A photo album may contain many separate pages. When you need 
to place an image from a photo album into a document, copy the photo 
album contents into a photo scrap and paste the photo scrap contents into 
the document. 

Remember that the photo scrap is a temporary file; each time you copy an 
image into it, that image replaces the cunent contents of the photo scrap. 

The Photo Album Screen 

Once inside the photo album, use the two items in the command menu, file 
and edit (located at the top of the album screen) to work with the images 
you copied or moved into the album. To exit to the previous application, 
click on the close icon at the top right of the album screen. 

At the lower left comer of the album screen is the window indicator, which 
consists of two black rectangles: the large rectangle represents the entire 
size of the image; the smaller rectangle represents the photo album screen. 
To view another part of an image that is too large to fit in the window, click 
in the larger rectangle where you would like its top left comer to lie. 

«*^^«^^"»=«^^ Those Extra Files 65 



Creating a Photo Album or Opening an Existing One 

1 : Open the Photo Manager by using one of the following methods: 

Select photo manager from the geos menu in eith^ an application 
or the deskTop. 

From the deskTop, double-click on the Photo Manager file icon. 

2: When the dialog box appears, select Create new photo album. Open 
existing photo album, or Quit. 



3: To create a new albu m, select Create new photo album, enta- a name, 
and press [RETURN I . To open an existing album, select Open existing 
photo album, click on its name, then click on Open. If there are more 
than five names on the list, click on the scrolling arrows at the bottom 
of the dialog box until you find the album you want. 

NOTE The album name dialog box will display only the first 15 
albums names on the disk. If you have more than 15 albums and wish 
to display a different set of names, you will need to move, delete, or 
rearrange the file icons on the deskTop. If necessary, refer to "Rear- 
ranging File Icons," page 25. 

A photo album could appear as follows: 
Use this command menu. 



window 
indicator 




A photo album will appear over an application as well as the deskTop. 
66 Those Extra Files «^x.«x«««.x.<^^ 



Placing an Image into a Photo Album 

1 : In geoPaint, select the Edit Box icon and define the region that 
contains the image to be placed in the photo album. 

2: Select cut (to move) or copy from the edit menu. The image will be 
placed in a photo scrap. 

3: Select photo manager from the geos menu. (You need not be in the 
document in which you originally created the photo scrap.) 

4: Select an option: Create new photo album. Open existing photo 
album, or Quit. 



5: Enter a name for a new photo album and press [RETURN I , or select an 
existing album and click Open. 

6: When the album appears, note that it has its own command menu: file 
and edit. Select edit, then select paste. The image that you placed in 
the photo scrap will be copied into the album. 

NOTE You can use the above commands to move or copy images in 
the existing photo album to another photo album. For example, create 
a photo album, insert an image into it, cut or copy it, then select close 
from the file menu to exit that album. Next, create or open another 
album, and insert the cut or copied image of the first photo album into 
it 

Remember that only a copy of the photo scrap has been pasted into the 
album. If you wish, you may use tiie same scrap in anodier album. , 

If the Image is Too Big for the Photo Album Screen 

• Scroll the image by clicking on i 

the window indicator below ^mi 77j/s outline repesents the 

the album's dog-ear comer. ^ai photo album window. 

Click once to pick up the \ This outline represents the 

window icon, then click again entire drawing. 

to deposit it over the new window location. 



Those Extra Files 67 



Exiting a Photo Album 

Use one of the following methods: 

• Select close from the fUe menu if you wish to open another album or 
create a new one. 

• Select quit from the file menu or click on the 
close icon to return to the previous application or 
the desl^op. Click here to exit 




68 Those Extra Files 



The Text Manager 



g¥ja| Once you purchase a GEOS application, you will find the 

h|b| Text Manager useful for storing blocks of text peimanendy. 

uxi manaf «r As the Photo Manager manages graphic images, the Text 
Manager handles text stored in special files called text albums on the disk. 
Each text album may contain up to 127 pages of text collected from your 
geoPaint or geoWrite documents. Typically, text albums are organized by 
the type of text they contain. For example, you may have one text album 
that contains headers and footers for a business proposal; another album 
may contain poetry samples for an English term paper. 

The Text Manager enables you to select text from any of the text albums 
and use them in other GEOS applications. 

Text Scraps and Text Albums 

There is a distinct relationship between the "text files." Whenever you cut 
or copy text, it is placed into a text scrap file, which is a temporary storage 
file. Text albums are a means of saving the text you placed in the text scrap 
and turning it into a permanent file (i.e., a text album). The Text Manager 
enables you to cut and paste scraps to and from a text album. The Text 
Manager works much like the glossary feature found in other word process- 
ing programs. When you need to place text from a text album into a 
document, copy the text album contents into a text scrap. 

The Text Album Screen 

Once inside the text album, use the two items in the command menu, file 
and edit (located at the top of the album screen), to work with your text. To 
exit quickly to the previous application, click on the close icon at the top 
right of the screen album. 

If the text is larger than the text album window, use the scrolling arrows at 
the bottom of the screen to view another area of the text To move to the 
next page, click on the dog-eared comer at the lower left of the page; to 
move to the previous page, click on the page area just below the dog-eared 
comer. 



••*• Those Extra Files 69 



Creating a Text Album or Opening an Existing One 

1 : Open the Text Manager by using one of the following methods: 

• Select text manager from the geos menu. 

• From the deskTop, double-click on the Text Manager file icon. 

2: When the dialog box appears, select Create new text album. Open 
existing text album, or Quit. 

3: To create a new albu m. Select Create new text album, enter a name, 
and press I RETURN I . To open an existing album, select Open existing 
text album, click on its name, then click Open. If there are more than 
five names on the list, click on the scrolling arrows at the bottom of the 
dialog box until you find the album you want 

NOTE The album name dialog box will display only the first 15 
albums names on the disk. If you have more than IS albums and wish 
to display a different set of names, you will need to move, delete, or 
rearrange the file icons on the deskTop. If necessary, refer to "Rear- 
ranging File Icons," page 25. 

A text album could appear as follows: 



Use this command menu. 



geos I fil > I ei it | options I page i font i stgle 



Addresses 



Some I 
iust fot 
never i 
iife did 
see su< 
l^hat d 



ft Man for M\ Cez<inne Gallerg 
M23 tehfleld Street 
San Francisco, CA 94117 



^ 



1 of 1 



scrolling 
arrows 



A text album will appear over an application as well as the deskTop. 
70 Those Extra Files «^x•^x»x.x..»x.x«^ 



Placing Text into a Text Album 

1 : First you must create a text scrap: in geoWrite, highlight the text that 
you want to cut or copy. 

2: Select cut (to move) or copy from the edit menu. 

3: Select text manager from the gees menu. (You need not be in the 
document in which you originally created the text scrap.) 

4: Select an option: Create new text album, Open existing text album, 
or Quit. 



S: Enter a name for a new text album and press I RETURN I , or select an 
existing album and click Open. 

6: When the album appears, note that it has its own command menu 
containing the items file and edit. Select edit, then select paste. The 
text you placed in the text scrap will be copied into the album. 

NOTE You can use the above commands to move or copy text in the 
existing text album to another text album. For example, create a text 
album, insert an image into it, cut or copy the image, then click on the 
close icon to exit that album. Next, create or open another new album, 
and insert the cut or copied image of the first text album into it. 

Remember that only a copy of the text scrap has been pasted into the 
album. If you wish, you may use the same scr^ in another album. 

If the Text is Too Long for the Text Album Screen 

• Scroll the text by clicking on the scrolling arrows below the dog-ear. 

Exiting a Text Album 

Use one of the following methods: 

• Select close from the file menu if you wish to open another albimi or 
create a new one. 

• Select quit from the file menu or click on the close 
icon to return to the previous application or to the Click here 
deskTop. »«»'• 

"*'«^=««^«*-*^»«^-^-^^^ Those Extra Files 71 



The Font Files 

The three font files on the disk are California, Dwinelle, and Roma 

This is an example of California. 

This is an example of Roma. 

Berkeley Softworks offers a wide range of fonts from which to choose. Not 
only can you use a variety of typefaces and styles, but you can use GEOS 
fonts to create special characters as well, such as astrological symbols or 
dinosaurs. You even can create your own fonts using the geoFont applica- 
tion. 

The size of each font is measured in points. There are 72 points to an inch. 
The actual height of characters printed using GEOS depends on the resolu- 
tion of your printer. 

For any given font and point size, you also can change the type style used to 
print your text Available styles are plain, bold, italic, omtlme, underline . 

superscript ^^j 

* subscript' 

If you look closely at the spacing between the individual letters printed by 
most typewriters, you will notice that the letters are printed with a fixed 
spacing. If you look at a professionally printed page you will notice that 
the spacing depends on the shape of the letter. For example, w is wider than 
i. This is called proportional spaced printing, which is what GEOS uses 
for all text to enable you to create professional looking documents. 

One o f many Berkeley Softworks offers over 50 different font files, 

fonts r^ n each with a number of point sizes. Once font files are 



Font 



Calif orn 



placed on a work disk, the first six or so (depending on 
the application) will appear in the font menu of the 
application documents on that disk. You can rearrange font files on a work 
didc so that the fonts you need most will appear in the font menu. 



72 Those Extra FUes 



Glossary 




Alarm Clock 
album files 

application 
backup copy 



boot 
BOOT DISK 

border 



m 



A desk accessory that enables you to set the time 
and an alarm. 

Files containing permanently stored text or 
graphics. Albums are handled by the Text 
Manager and Photo Manager desk accessories. 

A program that operates in GEOS. geoWrite and 
geoPaint are examples of GEOS applications. 

A copy of an application or woik disk. You can 
create a backup by using the DISK COPY 
program if you have one disk drive or the disk 
copy menu item if you have two disk drives. 

Turning on the computer and q)ening GEOS. 

The master disk that enables you to start up 
GEOS. 

The area on the deskTop just below the disk note 
pad. Use the border to deposit file icons tempo- 
rarily when you are moving them to another disk 
note pad page or, if you have a one disk drive 
system, to copy them to another disk. 

The Commodore key, which appears on the 
keyboard. It is used to carry out certain key- 

'^•^«»^*^*^^««^»-*"^^ Glossary 73 



Calculator 
clicking 

close 
close icon 

command menu 
CONFIGURE file 
cursor 
data file 
default 



board commands. To use die [^ key, hold it 
down, and while continuing to hold it down, 
press the key you need to carry out the com- 
mand. Keyboard commands are located in the 
command menu after the items that apply. See 
also keyboard shortcut. 

A desk accessory that enables you to perform 
quick mathematical calculations from the 
deskTop or within an application. 

Pressing the input device button to cause the 
pointer on the screen to select a menu item or an 
icon. It is also used to position a cursor in a 
geoWrite document. See also double-clicking. 

To deactivate or exit a file or disk. 

A rectangular shaped icon that enables you to 
deactivate the currently open disk or desk 
accessory. 

The horizontal list of options that appears across 
the top left portion of the screen. 

A deskTop program that enables you to add or 
change disk drives for use with GEOS. 

A blinking vmical line indicating the position of 
the next typed character. 

A document you create by way of a GEOS 
application. 

Any file that is automatically selected by GEOS 
when you attempt to use it. The first printer and 
input device files on the disk are default files. If 
necessary, you can change the default status of a 
file. 



74 Glossary 



desk accessory 
deskXop 

destination disk 
dialog box 
DISK COPY 

disk drive 
disk drive icon 

disk menu 
disk note pad 
dog-ear 



double-clicking 



A small utility program you can use from within 
an application or the deskTop. 

The first screen that appears when you boot 
GEOS. It enables you to work with the GEOS 
system. Use the deskTop to work with files and 
disks. 

The disk onto which you copy files from another 
disk. See also source disk. 

A special box that pops up on the screen to 
convey information to or query the user. 

A deskTop program that speeds up the disk 
copying procedure for users who have a one disk 
drive system. 

The hardware component used to contain the 
disks you use with GEOS. 

An icon that represents a disk drive. It appears 
on the deskTop. The currently open disk drive 
appears in reverse video. 

A menu item listing options for disk manage- 
ment 

On the deskTop, the large rectangular area 
containing files of the currently open disk. 

The icon at the lower left comer of the disk note 
pad. It resembles a turned up comer of a page. 
Clicking on the turned up edge will display the 
next disk note pad page; clicking on the area just 
below it will display flie previous page. 

Pressing the input device button twice in rapid 
succession, usually to open a data file or an 
application. Double-clicking is the same as 



Glossary 75 



clicking once on a file icon, then selecting open 
from the file menu. 



fde 



file menu 



A collection of information on the disk, includ- 
ing applications or data files. 

A menu option listing options for file manage- 
ment 



font 



geos menu 



ghost icon 



icon 



icon mode 



The typeface used when you create text. The 
text on this page is Times Roman. See also type 
style. 

A menu item listing desk accessories on the 
currently active disk and copyright information 
on the current application. 

On the deskTop, an outline of an icon that 
appears after you click on it once, pause, then 
click on it again (but not double-click) to move a 
file to another place. 

A picture representing an opCTation, option, or a 
file. Icons appear in the deskTop, in dialog 
boxes, and in applications. Clicking on an icon 
will instruct GEOS to perform some action. 

On the deskTop, the viewing mode that displays 
files on the disk note pad as pictures. You need 
to be in this mode in order to work with the files. 



Inkwell light pen 
input device 



See input device. 

The device that lets you move a pointer on the 
screen. Available input devices are the mouse, 
joystick, Koala Pad, and Inkwell light pen. To 
use an input device, move the device or its 
handle in the direction where you wish the 
pointer to move. Press the input device button to 
make a selection. See also clicking and double- 
clicking. 



76 Glossary 



interface drivers 



joystick 
Koala Pad 
keyboard shortcut 

master disk 

menu 

mouse 
Note Pad 

open 

photo scrap 



Photo Manager 



Programs that enable you to set up your Commo- 
dore to use a specific printer or input device with 
GEOS. To install a printer or input device, you 
need to make it the default file. With each major 
product, Berkeley Softworks includes a range of 
interface drivers from which you can choose. 

See input device. 

See input device. 

Using the keyboard to perform an action on the 
screen without using an input device. See also 

m. 

An original disk that comes with a GEOS 
package. 

A list of options enabling you to enter a variety 
of commands. See also command menu. 

See input device. 

A desk accessory that enables you to write 
memos to yourself. 

To activate a data file or disk. See also clicking 
and double-clicking. 

A file used to store temporarily graphic images 
you select ftom geoPaint for use in another 
document, even if that document was created 
with a different GEOS application. See also 
Photo Manager. 

A desk accessory that enables you to store 
permanently graphics created with geoPaint for 
use in geoPaint and other GEOS applications. 
To use the Photo Manager, copy the graphic into 



Glossary 77 



point size 
pointer 

Preference Mgr 
printer icon 



proportional spacing 



RAM Expansion 
Unit (REU) 



RESTORE icey 

scrap 
scrolling arrows 

78 Glossary «« 



a photo scrap, then into a photo album for 
permanent storage. 

A measurement for type. One point equals 1/72 
of an inch. 

The small arrow that indicates your position on 
the screen. It is used to select menu items and 
icons, to select and move regions, and to 
determine the placement of a cursor. 

A desk accessory that enables you to change the 
screen and pointer colors, the shape and speed of 
the pointa*, the date, and the time. 

On the deskTop, the icon sh^ed like a small 
printer at the lower right comer of the screen 
next to the waste basket. It represents the current 
printer and is used to print files from the desk- 
Top. 

The ability to adjust the spacing between letters 
of text. 

A special device you hook up to your Commo- 
dore to increase memory. The REU acts as a 
disk drive; however, when you turn off the 
computer its file contents are lost The advan- 
tage of an REU is that it greatly increases 
memory and operates GEOS many times faster 
than normal. 

A Commodore key that enables you to return to 
GEOS from a non-GEOS environment (such as 
PrintMaster or BASIC). 

Sqq photo scrap or text scrap. 

The arrow icons that appear at the bottom of a 
dialog box that contains more names than can be 
displayed in the dialog box at one time. Clicking 






scrolling 

source disk 

special menu 

system fQe 

text cursor 
text mode 

text scrap 

typeface 
type style 



on a scrolling anow enables you to move 
through the list of names in the dialog box. 

The ability to move through a list of names in a 
dialog box or to move a Drawing ot Writing 
window to another location. 

The disk containing the files you wish to copy to 
another disk. See also destination disk. 

Menu item listing options for entering BASIC 
and re-initializing the deskTop. 

Special files necessary for the op^ation of 
GEOS. The DESKTOP 1.5 is a system file. 

See cursor. 

On the deskTop, the viewing mode that displays 
files in the disk note pad in text form, as opposed 
to icon form. 

A file used to store temporarily text you select 
from geoWrite for use in another document, even 
if that document was created with a different 
GEOS application. See also Text Manager. 

Seefont. 

The appearance of a font (i.e., typeface) on a 
printed page. Depending on the GEOS applica- 
tion you are using, you can display text in plain, 
bold, italic, oraiillime, underline , ""p™"!!*, and 
styles. 



subscript 



validate 



view 



On the deskTop, the command that searches for 
possible bad sections on the currently active 
disk. 

The deskTop menu item that lists the viewing 
modes for the disk note pad contents. 

^-^^^^^^'^^^^^^^^^^^-'^^^^^^-^^^^^ Glossary 79 



waste basket 



On the deskTop, the icon shaped like a waste 
basket next to the prints icon at the lower right 
comer of the screen. It is used to delete a file. 



work disk 



A blank, formatted disk onto which you copy a 
combination of files, depending on tiie project 
you have in mind. For example, a work disk can 
contain geoWrite, geoWrite data files, font files, 
and desk accessories. 



write protection 



The condition determining whether a file can be 
deleted. You can change a file's write protect 
status by using the info option in the file menu. 



window 



The large rectangular region displaying a portion 
of the data file in an application such as geoW- 
rite or geoPaint. You can view and work with 
other data file sections by scrolling or moving 
the window. 



80 Glossary 



GEOS 



Product k9 



Listing 



Products from Berkeley Softworks are as follows: 

GEOS Features the deskTop interface which enables 

user to perform file and disk procedures (e.g., 
copying), the geoPaint color graphics program, 
the geoWrite word processing program, a variety 
of desk accessories, fonts, printer and input 
drivers, diskTurbo, and support for the RAM 
1764 Expansion Unit For use with Commodore 
64, 64c, and 128 (in 64 mode). 

geoCalc Spreadsheet program that supports full use of 

28,000 data cells, advanced mathematical 
functions, automatic recalculation of data and 
formulas, adjustable cell width and alignment, 
ability to view two parts of a spreadsheet at once, 
and print using a full range of options. For use 
with Commodore 64, 64c, and 128 (in 64 mode). 

geoFile Features the geoFile database program and 

geoMerge. Enables user to design custom forms, 
perform sophisticated search and sort operations, 
integrate graphics, print labels, and select from a 
full range of printing options. For use with 
Commodore 64, 64c, and 128 (in 64 mode). 



:«>:»>»:« Thc deskTop 81 



geoProgrammer 



geoSpell 



geoWrite Workshop 



geoPublish 



GEOS 128 

82 ThedeskTop 



Features geoAssembler, geoLinker, and geoDe- 
bugger. Enables user to create full scale GEOS 
applications. Includes over 400 pages of 
documentation, files with complete listings of 
GEOS equates and macros, and commented 
source code for three sample GEOS applications. 
For use with Commodore 64, 64c, and 128 (in 64 
mode). 

Features the geoSpell spell-checking program for 
use with all versions of geoWrite documents. 
Enables user to find and correct misspelled 
words, and create and edit personal dictionaries. 
Also features geoFont, which enables user to 
alter the appearance of an existing font or create 
a new font. For use with Commodore 64, 64c, 
and 128 (in 64 mode). 

Features geoWrite 2.1 which enables user to 
create documents using headers, footers, a 
variety of justification and line spacing options, 
and to perform search and replace operations. 
Also features geoMerge, geoLaser, and Text 
Grabber. For use with Commodore 64, 64c, and 
128 (in 64 mode). 

A full-featured deskTop publishing program that 
enables user to import geoWrite documents and 
geoPaint graphics, create and change text and 
graphics on Uie screen, create custom layouts, 
and use a wide range of tools to create a newslet- 
ter. Includes Text Grabber for word processing 
file conversion. Supports Apple LaserWrita* and 
all GEOS supported printers. Automatically 
converts earlier geoWrite files to the 2.1 version. 
For use with Commodore 64, 64c, and 128 (in 64 
mode). 

Features the deskTop interface which enables 
user to perform file and disk procedures (e.g., 



copying), the geoPaint color graphics program, 
the geoWrite word processing program, a variety 
of desk accessories, printer and input drivers, 
additional memory, numeric keypad use, 2 MHz 
processing speed, additional peripheral support, 
80-column resolution, diskTurbo, and support for 
the RAM 1764 and 1750 Expansion Units. For 
use with Commodore 128. 



geoWrite Workshop 
128 



DeskPack P/us 



Features geoWrite 2.1, which enables 
user to create documents using headers, footers, 
a variety of justification and line spacing options, 
and to perform search and replace operations. 
Also features geoMerge, geoLaser, and Text 
Grabber. Also features 80-column resolution, 
additional memory capability, 2 MHz process- 
ing, numeric keypad use, and additional periph- 
eral support. For use with Commodore 128. 

Features Graphics Grabber, Icon Editor, geoDex, 
geoMerge, and the Calendar and Black Jack desk 
accessories. For Commodore 128 users, 
DeskPack Plus features 80-column resolution, 
improved deskTop, new printer and input 
drivers, and upgrades to printing poformance. 
For use with both Commodore 64 and 128. 



FontPackP/«s 



geoCalc 128 



Features 53 different font files for use with both 
64 and 128 lines of Berkeley Softworks prod- 
ucts. Font files range from varied type faces to 
special characters, such as dinosaurs and 
astrological symbols. 

Spreadsheet program that supports full use of its 
28,000 data cells, advanced mathematical 
functions, automatic recalculation of data and 
formulas, adjustable cell width and alignment, 
ability to view two parts of a spreadsheet at once, 
and print using a full range of options. Also 
supports 80-column resolution, additional 
memory, 2 MHz processing, numeric keypad 



The deskTop 83 



84 ThedeskTop 



use, and additional peripheral support. For use 
with Commodore 64, 64c, and 128. 



geoFUe 128 



Features the geoFile database program and 
geoMerge. Enables user to design custom forms, 
perform sophisticated search and sort operations, 
integrate graphics, print labels, and select from a 
full range of printing options. Also supports 80- 
column resolution, additional memory, 2 MHz 
processing, numeric keypad use, and peripheral 
support. For use with Commodore 64, 64c, and 
128. 



Index 



A 

Alarm Clock 54 
clock time 55 
setting alann 55 

B 

BASIC 

Interpreter 41 
programs 41 
withGE0S41 

booting GEOS 2 

bordCTl? 



Calculator 46 
clicking 8 
close icon 

deskTop 16 
closing 

disks 29 
colors 

background 51 

borda'51 

foreground 51 

pointer 50 
command menu 16 
commands 

how to select 8 
Commodore key 9 
Configure 1.S program 34 
copying 

disks 30 

files 26 

D 

date 52 
default files 23 



deleting 

files 27 

master disk files 28 
demonstration program 4 
desk accessories 

Alarm Clock 54 

Calculator 46 

how to u% 45 

Note Pad 56 

Photo Manager 65 

Preference Mgr 49 

Text Manager 69 
deskTop 15 

menu summary 42 

screen description 16 
deskTop icons 10 
dialog boxes 8 
disk drives 

adding 34 

changing 34 

definition 12 

how they q)erate 13 

RAM Expansion Unit 33 

types 33 

types with GEOS 12 

using more than one 33 
disk note pad 

description 16 

pages 17 
disks 

closing 29 

copying 30 

formatting 32 

management 29 

non-GEOS 39 

opening 29 

renaming 30 

resetting 32 



Index 85 



types with GEOS 29 
validating 32 
double-clicking 9 

E 

exiting GEOS 6 



file icons 17 
files 

copying 26 

deleting 27 

deselecting 20 

duplicating 22 

fiinctions 18 

how to move 10 

info command 20 

moving 22 

opening 20 

printing 27 

rearranging 25 

renaming 21 

selecting 20 

types 18 

viewing modes 19 

write protect status 20 
font files 72 
formatting disks 32 



G 

GEOS DEMO file 4 

ghost icon {see also files, moving) 

ghost icons 10 

glossary 73 



input device 
how to use 8 



types 8 
keyboard shortcuts 

definition 9 

how to use 9 
learning GEOS 7 

M 
menus 

deskTop summary 42 

how to select 8 
moving 

file icons 22 
moving files 10 

N 

non-GEOS disks 39 

using deskTop with 39 
non-GEOS programs 40 
Note Pad 56 

O 

opening 
disks 29 
files from deskTop 20 



photo albums 

creating 66 

definition 65 

exiting 68 

if image is too big 67 

opening 66 

placing image into 67 

screen description 65 
Photo Manager (see also photo 
albums) 

procedure 65 
photo scraps 65 
pointer 



86 Index 



color 50 

shape 50 

speed 50 
Preference Manager 49 
printer icon 

description 17 

printing files with 27 
printers 

default procedure 60 

usuig with GEOS 60 
product listing 81 
proportional spaced printing 72 

R 

RAM Expansion Unit 33 
renaming 

disks 30 

files 21 
RESET command 32 
REU {see RAM Expansion Unit) 



text scraps 69 
time 52 



validate command 32 
view menu 19 

w 

waste basket 

deleting files with 28 
description 17 



select printer command 60 
selecting 

disk drive {see opening disks) 

file 20 
special menu 32, 41 

T 

text albums 

creating 70 

definition 69 

exiting 71 

if text is too long 71 

opening 70 

placing text into 71 

screen description 69 

scrolling text 69 
Text Manager {see also text albums) 

procedure 69 



Index 87 



COMMODORE^ 

Copyright © 1986, 1988 by Berkeley Softworks. All rights reserved. 

Commodore is a registered trademark of Commodore Electronics Limited. 

Commodore 64C Is a trademark of Commodore Electronics Limited. 

GEOS and deskTop 1 .5 are trademarks of Berkeley Softworks. 



Berkeley Softworks 
Berkeley, CA 



Commodore Business Machines, 
1200 Wilson Drive 
Westchester, PA 19380 

363061-01 



inc. 



Commodore Business Machines, Umited 

3470 Pharmacy Avenue 

Agincourt, Ontario M1W3G3